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2021

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Celebrating Centennial Birthday | Prosperous Legal System Peng Zhongfei: Consolidating the Power of the People towards Glory

Why can the CPC walk into victory and glory in the dark exploration and the century long struggle of bloody sacrifice and hard work. It is all because it can unite the power of the people, represent the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation, and achieve great achievements. This is the insights gained by those who have studied Party history activities.


[Abstract] Why can the CPC walk into victory and glory in the dark exploration and the century long struggle of bloody sacrifice and hard work. It is all because it can unite the power of the people, represent the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation, and achieve great achievements. This is the insights gained by those who have studied Party history activities.

 

【 Key Words 】 Unified Core Beliefs, Ties, Power Sources, Fundamental Safeguards, and Realistic Significance

 

Although the Xinhai Revolution overthrew the Qing Dynasty and established the Republic of China, China still couldn't get rid of the tragic situation of scattered sand and being subjected to slaughter. Why did the Kuomintang ultimately lose to the Communist Party after Sun Yat sen, when both the Kuomintang and the Communist Party wanted to establish a country and govern the country? Because the ideology and organization of the Kuomintang are not accepted by the Chinese nation. Professor Zheng Yongnian from the National University of Singapore believes that "in simple terms, at the grassroots level of society, the Kuomintang relies on local elites, namely local gentlemen, while the Communist Party directly relies on farmers to convey the Communist Party's governance philosophy to the people.

 

The cohesion of a political party is the party's interest requirements and political awareness of the class and stratum it represents through its own theoretical program, principles and policies, as well as its influence and persuasiveness on social and political life, public power or the government. "The people who win the hearts of the people win the world". The great cause of the CPC is highlighted by the cohesion of the people's power in the following points.

 

1、 Forming a unified core of cohesion through Mao Zedong Thought

In the early days of the founding of the Communist Party of China, the Party led the Chinese people's anti imperialist and anti feudal revolution and also achieved partial victory. However, due to the immaturity and immaturity of our party, especially the lack of understanding of China's national conditions, when the reactionary Kuomintang betrayed the revolution and launched a surprise attack on the people, the party was unable to organize effective resistance, causing huge losses to the revolution. The Communists recognized the importance of armed struggle from the painful lessons of failure, determined the policy of armed uprisings, and successively launched armed uprisings in Nanchang, Autumn Harvest, Guangzhou, etc., organized workers and peasants' armed forces, established a red political power, and implemented armed separatism.

 

In the revolutionary struggle, Mao Zedong proposed the implementation of an armed separation of workers and peasants, the establishment of revolutionary base areas in rural areas, the encirclement of cities by rural areas, and the achievement of national victory, which is a revolutionary path suitable for China's national conditions. However, due to the ruling of the "Left" opportunistic ideology within the party, which excluded Mao Zedong's correct thinking, the revolution suffered losses. In 1934, the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army was forced to withdraw from the Central Soviet Area and began the world-renowned 25000 mile Long March.

 

In January 1935, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held a meeting in Zunyi, Guizhou, ending the dominant position of "left" dogmatists in the military, reaffirming the military line of Marxism Leninism represented by Mao Zedong, and determining Mao Zedong's leadership position in the Red Army and the Party Central Committee. The Zunyi Conference has become a symbol of our party's gradual political maturity and the formation of cohesion.

 

After the Zunyi Conference, the root of "Left" deviation was not completely eliminated within the Party. The CPC, with great courage and boldness, launched the rectification movement within the Party in the middle of the Anti Japanese War, completely ended the dogmatism thought represented by Wang Ming, and the correct line of the Party Central Committee represented by Mao Zedong, which provided a deep understanding and understanding for the whole Party.

 

In April 1945, the Party held the Seventh National Congress in Yan'an. The new party constitution adopted by the congress clearly stipulates that "the CPC takes Mao Zedong Thought, the thought of the unity of Marxist theory and Chinese revolutionary practice, as the guiding principle for all its work." The congress elected Mao Zedong as the chairman of the Central Committee, which determined Mao Zedong's leading position in the whole party ideologically, politically and organizationally. The whole party has achieved unprecedented unity and unity ideologically, politically and organizationally, It laid a solid foundation for the victory of the Anti Japanese War and the final victory of the New Democratic Revolution. The 7th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is a milestone in the formal formation of the party's cohesion with Mao Zedong as the core.

 

2、 A belief bond that connects cohesion with common ideals

The common ideal and belief is one of the basic factors to condense social forces. One of the advantages of the CPC to condense the people is the ideal and belief with advanced science. Comrade Xi Jinping deeply pointed out, "The extraordinary struggle that brings together 56 ethnic groups and over 1.3 billion people in our country is our common experience, the beautiful home we have created together, the national spirit we have cultivated together, and what runs through it, and more importantly, is our shared ideals and beliefs

 

In 1927, Zhu De led the revolutionary army of the August 1st Uprising south to Guangdong. They were severely defeated in Chaoshan and arrived at Tianxinwei in Anyuan, Gannan. The morale of the troops was low and the situation was extremely dangerous. Without any supply or reinforcements, the future is bleak. Some people who cannot withstand such a test leave without saying goodbye and rebel to the enemy. The troops were sharply reduced from over 1500 to 7800. Zhu De held a military conference and urged everyone not to leave no matter what, Then he answered the question that was deeply ingrained in everyone's hearts: "The Chinese Revolution in 1927 was equivalent to the Russian Revolution in 1905. After the failure of the 1905 Revolution, Russia was dark, but darkness was temporary. By 1917, the revolution had finally succeeded. The Chinese Revolution has now failed, and it is also dark, but darkness cannot hide the light. As long as we can preserve our strength, there is a way for the revolution to succeed Zhu De's passionate speech greatly inspired the soldiers of the uprising army, while Chen Yi's "We Shall Be Heroes in Failure" strengthened the morale of the army and gradually restored morale. It is this reorganization of Tianxin Dock that has strengthened the fighting belief of the CPC and led the army to embark on a new path of development.

 

A single spark can start a prairie fire. After the failure of the Autumn Harvest Uprising, Mao Zedong led troops to settle in the Jinggangshan area. Faced with the pursuit and interception of reactionary forces from the Kuomintang, some officers and soldiers were pessimistic about the difficult life in Jinggangshan. The question of how long the red flag will last is deeply ingrained in the hearts of the military and civilians in Jinggangshan.

 

At the end of 1929, Lin Biao wrote Mao Zedong a "New Year's Greeting Letter", in which he believed that "the climax of the Chinese revolution will not come soon" and suggested that Mao Zedong do not need to do difficult and meticulous mass work, advocating for the adoption of "relatively light guerrilla methods" to "expand political influence". This letter sparked Mao Zedong's deep thinking, as it was not only Lin Biao's personal opinion, but also represented a trend of thought. Therefore, Mao Zedong decided to reply with a letter to help Lin Biao change his mind and educate the entire army.

 

On January 5, 1930, Mao Zedong wrote a lengthy internal party communication titled "Estimation of the Current Situation and the Action of the Red Army" in Gutian, western Fujian (i.e., a single spark can start a prairie fire), replying to Lin Biao and issuing it to the entire army. In the letter, Mao Zedong proposed the scientifically foreseeable idea of "a single spark can start a prairie fire" in response to the pessimism of Lin Biao and others, After the failure of the Great Revolution in 1927, the power of the revolution was indeed greatly weakened. If only based on certain phenomena, the remaining small force would naturally cause comrades to have pessimistic thoughts. However, if viewed from the essence, it would be greatly different. Here comes an old Chinese saying: 'A single spark can start a prairie fire.' "" China is full of dry firewood throughout the country, and it will soon burn into flames. "Mao Zedong's The great idea of "a single spark can start a prairie fire" has strengthened the revolutionary beliefs of the Party, the Red Army, and the people.

 

Afterwards, the First Front Army of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army was established and quickly developed into over 30000 soldiers. By the climax of the agrarian revolution in 1934, the number of Member of the Communist Party of China had risen to as many as 300000, and the Jinggangshan revolution in that year was like a prairie fire.

 

During the revolutionary period, Yan'an had much more difficult conditions compared to the Kuomintang controlled areas under the rule of Chiang Kai shek's government. However, many talented people throughout the country, disregarding the enemy's blockade and risking the threat of death, resolutely came to Yan'an. This includes many famous figures, such as Ding Ling, Zheng Lucheng, Xian Xinghai, Nie Er, Ai Qing, Xiao Jun, Xiao Hong, and so on. Many of them have become Communist Party members. Because at that time, choosing Yan'an was equivalent to choosing the Party; I chose the just cause of resisting Japan and saving the country. When people are united, Mount Taishan will move. Under the leadership of the Party, the people of the whole country defeated fascism and drove away imperialism. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, a large number of overseas students traveled long distances and sailed across the sea, experiencing countless hardships, and returned to their motherland. Among them are Qian Xuesen, Deng Jiaxian, Hua Luogeng, Zhu Kezhen, Li Siguang, Wu Youxun, Qian Sanqiang, Qian Weichang, and so on. In fact, a large number of them have already achieved success in learning in Europe and America. After returning to China, many of them joined our party and actively guided and promoted China's leapfrog development in mathematics, technology, military, aerospace, and other fields. They and the entire Chinese nation, under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, have united as one, united as one, worked hard in earthquake relief, resisted external interference forces, and worked together to achieve significant achievements in all aspects. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is increasingly showing strong vitality.

 

3、 Regarded by the people as the source of cohesion

Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Party's Mass Line Education Practice Work Conference that: To achieve the goals set by the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, it is necessary to closely rely on the people and fully mobilize the enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity of the vast majority of the people. To carry out the Party's mass line education and practice activities is to make all Party members remember and adhere to the fundamental purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, and to closely unite the people with excellent work style, in order to achieve the goals set by the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China Strive hard for the task

 

The purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly is unwavering, because the people have always been the source of strength for the Party's cause. In 1945, Mao Zedong proposed in his report "On the United Government" at the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China that serving the people wholeheartedly is the only purpose of the People's Army. This fundamental and unique purpose determines that the people's army has many essential attributes, spiritual strength, and unique advantages that all old armies did not have. Mao Zedong's speech at the memorial service of ordinary soldier Zhang Side was written as an immortal masterpiece titled "Serving the People". The fundamental purpose of our party is to serve the people wholeheartedly. Whether in the past, present, or future, our party's position of sharing a common destiny with the people cannot be changed. Farmers are the main force of the Chinese revolution. In the practice of the revolutionary struggle in Jinggangshan, Mao Zedong correctly realized that farmers accounted for over 80% of the national population, and they were deeply exploited and oppressed by imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucratic capitalism, with strong revolutionary demands against imperialism and feudalism. The issue of farmers is the fundamental issue of the Chinese revolution, and the core of the issue of farmers is the issue of land. Therefore, Mao Zedong personally drafted the "Seventeen Temporary Guidelines for Land Distribution", which opened the prelude to the land revolution in the revolutionary base areas of Jinggangshan. Later, the Jinggangshan Land Law was further summarized, analyzed and formulated, leading the army and the people in the base area to carry out the land revolution in depth, overthrowing the feudal land ownership for thousands of years, so that the vast number of poor farmers have obtained the land that has been coveted for generations, turned over economically, raised their heads politically, greatly stimulated their revolutionary enthusiasm, and laid a solid mass foundation for the CPC, It has added an indestructible partner to the Chinese working class and become the main force of the Chinese revolution.

 

4、 Founding Cohesion with Organizational Discipline as the Fundamental Guarantee

The famous Three Bay Adaptation has established a model for the construction of grassroots organizations of the Party. On September 29, 1927, when the troops of the Autumn Harvest Uprising arrived in Sanwan Village within the territory of Yongxin, the reduction of personnel was relatively severe, with fewer than 1000 personnel. The organization was very unsound, and the thinking was quite chaotic. The Party's failure to effectively control the troops, coupled with the deep-rooted ideology of mercenaries, continuous defeats in battles, and exceptionally difficult marching processes, has caused some individuals with weak willpower to waver. In this situation, Mao Zedong presided over an expanded meeting of the Communist Party's Front Committee on the evening of his arrival in Sanwan, and decided to reorganize the troops.

 

The core content of the Three Bay Reorganization and Mao Zedong's important creation of the principle of proletarian military building is to build branches on a continuous basis. The establishment of branches in the company established the absolute leadership of the Party over the army. Later, Mao Zedong also summarized and pointed out that "the Red Army fought hard and did not break down, and the establishment of branches in the company was an important reason

 

Another important aspect of the Sanwan reorganization is the implementation of democracy within the military, with the establishment of soldier committees at or above the company level. At that time, the Soldier Committee established a new type of officer soldier relationship, achieved political unity within the army, improved the military's combat technology and tactics, and transformed and trained party members and cadres. The three major disciplines and six key points of attention create a team that has won the hearts of the people.

 

On October 23, 1927, before leading his troops up Jinggangshan, Mao Zedong proposed for the first time the "Three Disciplines" of the Workers' and Peasants' Revolutionary Army at the "Thunder Strike Stone" site in Jingzhu Mountain, in order to establish good relations with Wang Zuo's troops and prevent violations of public discipline after the troops climbed the mountain. Firstly, they followed orders in their actions; Secondly, fundraising should be returned to the public; Thirdly, not taking a sweet potato from the people.

 

In late October of the same year, Zhu De, Chen Yi, and others led the Nanchang Uprising troops to Xinfeng County, located in the southern part of Ganzhou, Jiangxi. Faced with the severe situation of chaotic thinking, low morale, unstable military morale, and lax military discipline among the officers and soldiers, they carried out the "Xinfeng Rectification". The Nanchang Uprising troops gradually moved towards unity and unity, strengthened organizational discipline, and maintained the image of the Party and the army among the masses.

 

On January 25, 1928, when the Workers' and Peasants' Revolutionary Army occupied Suichuan City, there were some disciplinary issues due to the dispersed activities of the troops. For example, some soldiers in the revolutionary army borrowed door panels and straw from the common people but did not return them; In many of the same door panels, mistakes are often made and the sleeping area is not cleaned thoroughly; Moreover, some soldiers burn down houses at any moment. In response to these situations, Mao Zedong held a meeting of all revolutionary army commanders in Lijiaping, Suichuan County, announcing the "Six Points for Attention" of the Workers' and Peasants' Revolutionary Army: doorstep panels; Baling straw; Speak kindly; Fair trading; Borrow something and return it; Damaged items need to be compensated. It was precisely because Mao Zedong and the Front Committee issued the "Six Points for Attention" in a timely manner that the Workers' and Peasants' Revolutionary Army gained the love of the majority of farmers and achieved gratifying results during their deployment in Suichuan. The "Six Points of Attention" later became the "Eight Points of Attention" and became an important operational guideline for our army.

 

5、 The significant practical significance of enhancing the cohesion of the Party

After the arduous struggle of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China and the tortuous exploration of over 70 years since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Chinese nation has finally embarked on a path to build socialism with Chinese characteristics, moving from suffering to glory. Currently, enhancing the cohesion of the Party still has significant practical significance.

 

The first is to improve the Party's governing ability and maintain the important foundation of the progressiveness of the Party. The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposes that the political ecology within the party has significantly improved, the creativity, cohesion, and combat effectiveness of the party have significantly increased, the unity and unity of the party have been further consolidated, the relationship between the party and the masses has been significantly improved, and the party has become stronger in revolutionary forging, emitting new and strong vitality, providing strong political guarantees for the development of the party and the country.

 

The second is to consolidate the ruling foundation and position of the Party, which is an inevitable requirement for building a socialist harmonious society. The stronger the cohesion of the Party, the higher the recognition and support of the people towards the Party, the stronger their sense of belonging to the Party, and the greater their support for the Party's goals and tasks.

 

The third is the internal motivation that motivates everyone to work hard for common ideals, beliefs, and goals. The highest ideal of the Party is to achieve communism, and the common ideal in the primary stage of socialism is to build socialism with Chinese characteristics and achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation under the leadership of the Party. The stronger the cohesion of the Party, the more steadfast the ideals and beliefs of Party organizations and members at all levels, in order to attract the general public to yearn for, be more enthusiastic about, and be more invested in the cause led by the Party.

 

In such a multi-ethnic developing country as ours, if we want to unite the will and strength of all people, build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must constantly strengthen the cohesion of the CPC.

 

Reference:

[1] Mao Zedong, On the United Government, Serving the People, 1945

[2] Liang Jianhua, Connotation Analysis of the CPC's Cohesion, 2013

[3] Wang Zhili, On the Determination of Mao Zedong's Core Leadership Position at the Zunyi Conference, 2018

[4] Zhang Jianbiao, The Party's Understanding of the Development Path of Chinese Revolution in the Early Stage of the Agrarian Revolutionary War - Historical Reflection on Rereading "A Single Spark Can Start a prairie fire", 2020

[5] Yu Boliu, "The Complete History of the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base", Jiangxi People's Publishing House, 2007

[6] Mo Huasheng, Formation of the CPC's Cohesion during the Anti Japanese War, 2001