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Centennial Party History Daily Reading - October 11th

Mao Zedong presided over a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee after returning to Yan'an today, reporting on the negotiation process in Chongqing.


October 11, 1945

 

Mao Zedong presided over a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee after returning to Yan'an today, reporting on the negotiation process in Chongqing. He pointed out that in the minutes of the Chongqing talks, the issue of the National Assembly and the liberated areas has not been resolved, and what is important to us is the issue of peace and the liberated areas. Chiang Kai shek did not give several provincial chairmen to the liberated areas, but could give them below the provincial level. We propose to maintain the status quo and resolve it in the future. Before Hurley returned to the United States, he asked us to surrender the liberated areas, saying that we would not recognize Chiang Kai shek's demands and would not rupture. I said neither admit nor break, the problem is complex and we still need to discuss. In this negotiation, we made it clear that we want peace, and they cannot say so. These words can be heard by the rear, and one must be very attentive to them. But the Kuomintang cannot provide peace, and its policies cannot be firmly defined. We have a clear route and a low tone. Public opinion has led to the necessity of issuing a communiqu é for the talks. The first advantage of this meeting summary is that it adopts an equal approach and is officially signed by both parties, which is unprecedented in history. Secondly, there are six agreed upon articles that are beneficial to the Chinese people. The issue of liberated areas still requires struggle.

 

October 11, 1948

 

Regarding the operational policy of the Huaihai Campaign, Mao Zedong drafted a telegram for the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China to the East China Field Army and notified the East China Bureau and Central Plains Bureau. The telegram pointed out that the focus of the first stage of the Huaihai Campaign was to concentrate troops to annihilate the Huang Baitao Regiment, complete the intermediate breakthrough, and use more than half of the troops to restrain and intercept the Qiu Qingquan and Li Mi Regiments, making them hesitant to fully support the east. (2) In the second stage, about five columns were formed to attack and annihilate the enemies in Haizhou, Xinpu, Lianyungang, and Guanyun areas, and occupy various cities. (3) In the third stage, it can be envisioned to fight on the Huaihe River and Huaihe River sides. (4) The result of the Huaihai Campaign will be the opening up of the northern Jiangsu battlefield, with Shandong and northern Jiangsu forming a unified area. The Qiu and Li armies will defend the Xu Beng front line and its surrounding areas, making it difficult for me to annihilate them. At this point, you should still be divided into the East and West armies. Composed of approximately five columns, the Eastern Corps fought in the northern and central regions of the Soviet Union. Using the remaining main forces as the Western Corps, they went out of Henan and Anhui provinces, collaborating with Liu Deng to capture cities in Heze, Kaifeng, Zhengzhou, Queshan, Xinyang, Nanyang, the Huaihe River Basin, and the Dabie Mountains. (5) You will complete the Huaihai Campaign in November and December. Take a rest in January next year. In February, the Western Corps transferred and from March to July, they collaborated with Liu Deng to fight, attacking the enemy and defending them at various points along the river. In autumn, your main force can probably hold a river crossing battle.

 

The Huaihai Campaign began on November 6th and ended on January 10th, 1949. It lasted for 65 days and annihilated more than 550000 Kuomintang soldiers. After this battle, the capital of the Kuomintang government, Nanjing, was under direct threat from the People's Liberation Army. This telegram is included in Volume 4 of Mao Zedong's Selected Works.

 

October 11, 1984

 

When Deng Xiaoping met with the delegation of the Japanese Komeito Party led by the chairman of the Komeito Party, Takeru Yoshisheng, he pointed out that in the sixteen years from now to the end of this century, we must wholeheartedly engage in construction, strive for a favorable international peaceful environment, engage in international relations, and achieve the goals of the end of this century. We need to continue to adhere to this policy and achieve greater goals in the next fifty years. If China wants to develop, it cannot be isolated. So, the policy of opening up to the outside world will not only remain unchanged in this century, but also in the first fifty years of the next century. The latter half of the next century will not change, and it will not be easy to change. Because we have had countless connections with the international economy over the past seventy years. China is socialism, and we must adhere to this path. Development is the development of the socialist economy. Absorbing foreign investment, joint ventures, and other activities cannot harm the main body of our socialist economy, but will only develop the main body of our socialist economy. In the thirty, fifty to seventy years of China's development, when the socialist economic foundation became stronger, we were no longer afraid of the impact of opening up and would not affect our overall situation. The excerpt of this conversation is included in the "Special Topic Excerpt of Deng Xiaoping's Discussion on Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics" (new edition).

 

October 11, 2000

 

Jiang Zemin gave a speech at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, elaborating on China's development policies and main tasks for entering the new century. He pointed out that during the "Tenth Five Year Plan" period, we should take development as the theme, structural adjustment as the main line, reform and opening up and technological progress as the driving force, and improving people's living standards as the fundamental starting point to comprehensively promote economic development and social progress. This is an important policy for us to continue advancing the great cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new century. He pointed out that development is the absolute principle, which is a strategic idea that we must always adhere to. To address this issue, not only from an economic perspective, but also from a political perspective. Nowadays, the development of the world economy and technology is pressing. If we don't accelerate our development, we will fall behind. Seizing opportunities and accelerating development are crucial to us both politically and economically. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the international and domestic situation, we are fully capable of maintaining a relatively fast development rate. We must adhere to the policy of expanding domestic demand, solve the problems in progress through development methods, adopt effective macroeconomic regulation in a timely manner, and strive to maintain solid, water free, and sustainable development of China's economy, so as to achieve comprehensive development of the economy, society, and ecological environment. He pointed out that development requires new ideas. Implementing strategic adjustments to the economic structure, promoting two fundamental transformations, and maintaining sustained, rapid, and healthy development of the national economy is the grand idea for China's economic development at the beginning of the new century. The next five to ten years will be an important period for China's economic restructuring. The prominent contradiction and deep-seated problem in China's economic development is the unreasonable economic structure, mainly manifested in the unreasonable industrial structure, uncoordinated regional development, low urbanization level, backward industrial and agricultural production technology level, and low overall quality of the national economy. If these issues are not urgently addressed, it will be difficult to improve the quality of economic growth and enhance the resilience of China's development. This speech is titled "Continuing to Advance the Construction of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Century" and is included in the third volume of "Selected Works of Jiang Zemin".

 

Looking Back on Party History

 

2000

 

On October 11th, in his speech after the closing of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Jiang Zemin comprehensively elaborated on various works to combat ethnic separatist forces, religious extremist forces, terrorist forces, and maintain stability in Xinjiang, taking into account the history and reality of Xinjiang. He emphasized that maintaining stability and development in ethnic and border areas is a significant political and important overall situation, which is of great significance for the long-term stability of the country and social politics.

 

2003

 

The Third Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held from October 11th to 14th. The plenary session passed the Decision on Several Issues Concerning the Improvement of the Socialist Market Economy System, clarifying the main tasks of improving the socialist market economy system, proposing to adhere to people-oriented principles, establish a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustainable development concept, and promote the comprehensive development of the economy, society, and people.