The Historical Context of the Formation of Xi Jinping's Party Building Thought

Xi Jinping's Party building ideology is the theoretical achievement of Xi Jinping's long-term thinking and practice on Party building since his participation in socialist construction practice and the cause of reform and opening up.

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Xi Jinping's Party building ideology is the theoretical achievement of Xi Jinping's long-term thinking and practice on Party building since his participation in socialist construction practice and the cause of reform and opening up. Clarifying its development context helps us understand the germination, formation, and maturity process of Xi Jinping's party building ideology, and further deepen our understanding of the role of party building in Xi Jinping's new era socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics.


The formation of Xi Jinping's party building ideology can be traced back to his seven years of educated youth from 1969 to 1975. Xi Jinping is fair and upright, with a flexible and capable mind. After jumping in the Liangjiahe team for one or two years, he began to participate in various work of the village leadership team, especially when he participated in the social education movement of the Zhaojiahe Brigade and served as the Party branch secretary of the Liangjiahe Brigade. In his special capacity, he conducted special practices in party building during a special historical period. Reflected in the firm belief in the Party's ideals; Not just shouting political slogans, but doing practical things for the masses with steadfastness; Integrating good production with party building work; Patiently and meticulously carrying out ideological education work; Never tolerate violations of discipline; Take the lead in setting an example to reflect the progressiveness nature of party members and cadres. We can find living examples in Xi Jinping's Seven Years of Educated Youth. Especially in combining ideological construction with doing practical and good things for the people, Xi Jinping, who served as the Party branch secretary of Liangjiahe Brigade at that time, set an example for all party comrades. In early 1974, after the election of all village party members and the approval of the higher-level party committee, Xi Jinping served as the secretary of the party branch of the brigade. After taking office, his first major task was to manage biogas, as well as to dig a well in the village, establish an iron industry society, a sewing society, a sales agency, a silt dam, and a flour mill. The success of each major event, practical matter, and good deed can be seen and remembered by the people, and their ideological work naturally runs smoothly and smoothly.

The pragmatic style of Xi Jinping during his years as an educated youth, as well as his moral sentiment of "not boasting about good colors, only leaving pure energy to fill the world", are reflected in Xi Jinping's party building ideology and have become a characteristic of his party building ideology. Therefore, the years of educated youth in Liangjiahe can be understood as the embryonic period of Xi Jinping's party building ideology.


At the beginning of 1982, Xi Jinping, who had already worked at the Central Military Commission, voluntarily requested to work at the grassroots level in rural areas. When he reported his plans to the Secretary General of the Central Military Commission, Geng Biao, Geng Biao once detained him and said that it was a good thing to go to the grassroots level for training, and he could also go to the field army. But he still insists on going somewhere. Xi Jinping told his good friend Tao Haisu when he jumped the queue that the reason why he wanted to go down to rural areas to do grassroots work was mainly due to two considerations. One is that the country has entered an era centered on economic development, and the things it touches in the local area are more comprehensive and closer to people's livelihood than in the military, which is more beneficial for its comprehensive exercise. Secondly, he has been working in northern Shaanxi for 7 years and has the richest accumulation of knowledge and work experience. He still comes from the countryside, and the countryside is currently at the forefront of reform. It is better to go to the countryside to fully utilize his advantages. He also told his close friend, "If you go down this time and do well, you will achieve a great cause in the future. If you don't do well, it's okay to do some practical things for the people below." This friend recalled in 2017, "I was very moved by what he said, but I didn't feel surprised at all

It is precisely because of this deep persistence that Xi Jinping worked in Zhengding County, Hebei Province for more than three years. He enthusiastically joined forces with local cadres and masses, carried out various work with a reform spirit, and combined his thinking based on local work with attention to the cause of the Party and the people. He wrote an article, which was published in 2015 under the title of "Deep Love of Knowledge". This book includes 37 speeches, articles, letters, and other works of Xi Jinping during his work in Zhengding from March 1982 to May 1985. A large amount of content involves party building, and terms such as "political discipline" that made party comrades feel very familiar after the 18th National Congress were deeply discussed by Xi Jinping, then Deputy Secretary of the Zhengding County Party Committee, in his speech, combining political discipline with maintaining political consistency with the central government. In order to improve the style of leadership cadres in the entire county, Xi Jinping presided over the drafting of the "Several Provisions on Improving Leadership Style" or "Six Provisions" by the Zhengding County Committee of the Communist Party of China in 1983: firstly, to take overall responsibility and grasp major events. 2、 Oppose the style of government officials and pay attention to the effectiveness of work. 3、 Strengthen the unity of the "group of people" and maintain the unity of the county party committee leadership. 4、 Set an example and do not engage in unhealthy behavior. 5、 Strengthen learning and continuously improve leadership skills. 6、 Set ambitious goals and strive for excellence in the four modernizations. The "Six Regulations" during the Zhengding period have accumulated historical experience for the formulation of the Central Eight Regulations after the 18th National Congress. Therefore, the years leading the Zhengding work can be understood as the initial formation period of Xi Jinping's party building ideology.


From 1988 to 1990, Xi Jinping served as the Secretary of the Ningde District Committee in Fujian Province. During this period, Xi Jinping took the lead in setting an example and personally conducting investigations and research at the grassroots level, proposing many innovative ideas, viewpoints, and methods for promoting party building. This was clearly reflected in the book "Escaping Poverty" published by Fujian Renmin Publishing House in 1992. We found that during his tenure in Ningde, Xi Jinping proposed statements such as "the basic skills of cadres - close contact with the people", "strengthening the core force of poverty alleviation on the front line - building good rural party organizations", and "building a clean government is the historical mission of communists". He called on party members and cadres to "go to the grassroots four times", take the lead by car for nearly 3 hours and walk for more than 2 hours, and visit the party township in Shouning County to inquire about poverty, Solve the people's worries and difficulties. Xi Jinping also insightfully discussed the strict governance of the Party, pointing out that "strict governance and clean governance are closely related to the success or failure of reform and opening up, and have always been the lifeline of our Party

Zhijiang New Language "is a featured column on the front page of Zhejiang Daily. From 2003 to 2007, Xi Jinping, then the Secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee, published 232 short reviews under the pen name" Zhexin "over a period of 4 years. The compilation was published by Zhejiang People's Publishing House in 2007 and republished in 2015. Among these 232 short comments, the party building category is the largest, accounting for nearly half of the total. Many of them elaborate on various aspects of party building, such as "managing oneself with ideological weapons" mainly discussing the issue of party ideological construction, "the weight of grassroots cadres" discussing the issue of party organizational construction, and "being a person and an official" discussing the issue of party style construction. The discussion of 'not treating the system as a' scarecrow 'is about the construction of the Party's system. The concept of "moving forward and combining punishment and prevention" elaborates on the issue of anti-corruption and integrity building. Leading cadres are the main body of work style construction "raises the issue of" key minority ". During this period, Xi Jinping also published a book titled "Thinking and Practice on Promoting New Development in Zhejiang" - "Doing in Practice, Leading the Way", which includes reports, speeches, articles, and instructions made by Xi Jinping during his tenure in Zhejiang. It was published by the Central Party School Press in 2006 and republished in 2013. It contains Xi Jinping's rich party building thoughts during his tenure in Zhejiang, covering all aspects of the party's ideological and theoretical construction, the party committee's leadership system and working mechanism, building a high-quality cadre team, strengthening the construction of grass-roots organizations, improving the party's style, combating corruption, and strengthening the construction of the party's progressiveness nature. Therefore, the Fujian and Zhejiang periods can be understood as the development period of Xi Jinping's party building ideology.


After Xi Jinping was elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China at the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, he published a series of important discussions on party building. As for the political construction of the Party, Xi Jinping clearly pointed out: "We must adhere to the political construction of the Party as the leadership, firmly uphold the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership." Regarding the ideological construction of the Party, he attaches great importance to ideals and beliefs, And vividly explained, "Ideal and belief are the 'calcium' in the spirit of Communist Party members. Without ideal and belief, if ideal and belief are not firm, there will be a 'calcium deficiency' in the spirit, which will lead to 'soft bone disease'." Regarding the construction of the Party's organization, he proposed an important statement that "the key to governing the country is to employ people" and proposed five standards for good cadres, namely "firm belief, serving the people, diligent and pragmatic work, daring to take responsibility, and integrity. Regarding the construction of the Party's work style, he thought-provoking pointed out: "The issue of work style is definitely not a small matter. If we do not resolutely correct the bad atmosphere and allow it to develop, it will be like an invisible wall separating our Party and the people, and our Party will lose its foundation, bloodline, and strength

Regarding the discipline construction of the Party, Xi Jinping emphasized: "Our Party is a Marxist political party organized by revolutionary ideals and iron discipline. Strict discipline is the glorious tradition and unique advantage of the Party. The more complex the situation the Party faces and the more arduous the tasks it undertakes, the more it needs to strengthen discipline construction." Regarding the system construction of the Party, he had in-depth thinking and believed that without a sound system, power was not confined to the cage of the system, Corruption cannot be controlled. These important discussions have formed the Xi Jinping Party building ideology of "Two Adherences" and "5+2 Layout", which are respectively reflected in the first and second volumes of "Xi Jinping Talks on Governance and Governance", as well as in works such as "Xi Jinping Series of Important Speech Readers", "Xi Jinping's Excerpts on Comprehensive Strict Party Governance", "Xi Jinping's Excerpts on Strict Party Discipline and Rules", and "Xi Jinping's Excerpts on Party Conduct, Clean Government Construction, and Anti Corruption Struggle". The publication of these works marks the maturity of Xi Jinping's party building ideology and was established as an important component of Xi Jinping's new era socialism with Chinese characteristics ideology at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, serving as the guiding ideology of the party.