Monograph: New Tree of Party Building Theory in the New Era

Comrade Jiang Zemin pointed out in his speech at the conference to celebrate the 80th anniversary of the founding of the CPC that 80 years of practice has inspired us that we must always consciously strengthen and improve the Party's construction, and constantly enhance the Party's creativity

In his speech at the celebration of the 80th anniversary of the founding of the CPC, Comrade Jiang Zemin pointed out that 80 years of practice has inspired us that we must always consciously strengthen and improve Party building, constantly enhance the creativity, cohesion and combat effectiveness of the Party, and always maintain the vitality and vitality of the Party. Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, especially over the past 20 years of reform and opening up, the theory of party building has advanced with the times and made new achievements based on the Marxist ideology of party building.

To strengthen the Party's ideological construction, the fundamental is to firmly arm the entire Party with Deng Xiaoping Theory and fully leverage the Party's ideological and political advantages

——Adhere to and develop Marxism. Since its birth, the Party has established Marxism Leninism as its guiding ideology and adhered to the combination of the basic principles of Marxism Leninism with China's specific reality. In this process of integration, two historic leaps were achieved, resulting in two major theoretical achievements, namely Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory. Deng Xiaoping Theory is contemporary Marxism in China, which, along with Marxism Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, has become the Party's guide to action. The third generation of central leadership collective with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the core, holding high the great banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory, has conducted new thinking, judgment, and summarization of the changing situation both domestically and internationally. It continues to focus on the issue of "what kind of party to build and how to build the party" and proposes the important idea of "Three Represents". The important thought of "Three Represents" is the inheritance and development of Marxist Leninist theory of party building, Mao Zedong theory of party building, and Deng Xiaoping theory of party building. It is a powerful ideological weapon for comprehensively strengthening party building in the new era, and also the latest theoretical achievement of our party in the past 20 years, especially since the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee.

——Adhere to the unity of the highest and lowest programs. The highest program of the Party is to achieve communism. At that time, social productivity was highly developed, which could not only ensure that all members of society were prosperous and had a daily material life, but also ensure that their physical and intellectual abilities were fully developed and utilized; With the high development of spiritual civilization, all members of society have completely broken away from traditional ownership and traditional concepts, and the level of communist consciousness, science and culture has been greatly improved. The all-round development of people and the liberation of people will become a reality. This highest program is the belief and spiritual drive of our Communists. The primary stage of socialism is a very long historical process that requires the hard work and struggle of several generations, even tens of generations. We need to have a correct understanding of the relationship between the Party's current goals and the Party's highest program. It is important to be based on the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics and strive to be a good "Three Represents". We must not only firmly adhere to our ideals, but also prepare the necessary material foundation and ideological conditions for the transition to communism with a down-to-earth approach.

——Adhere to the Party's ideological line. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, the Party restored and established the ideological line of liberating the mind and seeking truth from facts. Liberating the mind and seeking truth from facts are the essence of Deng Xiaoping's theory. Comrade Jiang Zemin proposed that by grasping this essence, one can grasp the essence of Marxism, as well as the historical connection and scientific system of Marxism Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, and Deng Xiaoping Theory. Marxism Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought must not be lost, as losing them means losing the essence. At the same time, it is necessary to handle the relationship between persistence and development. Development is the best persistence, innovation is the best inheritance. To implement the requirements of the "Three Represents", we must adhere to the Party's ideological line, vigorously promote the spirit of seeking truth, pragmatism, and innovation, creatively promote various work of the Party and the country, and continuously enrich and develop Marxism in practice.

Strengthening the political construction of the Party is fundamentally to ensure that the entire Party firmly, comprehensively, and correctly implements the Party's basic line

After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee, our party proposed the basic line of "one center, two basic points". The basic line needs to be managed for a hundred years and cannot be shaken. The construction of the Party must closely revolve around the Party's basic line. Ensuring the unwavering, comprehensive and correct implementation of the Party's basic line by the entire Party is the most important and fundamental political construction of our Party in the new era.

Comrade Jiang Zemin linked the banner he held with the path he took, and proposed that we should adhere to the unwavering line since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee, which is to hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory without wavering. Since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, an important experience of our Party has been to adhere to the comprehensive, correct, and active implementation of the Party's basic line. This basic line is the overall plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics and cannot be deviated from at any time. We should unify the "one center" with the "two basic points" in the great practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. This is the most valuable experience of our party in over 20 years and the most reliable guarantee for the successful progress of our cause. The construction of the Party has the basic program of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is the implementation of the Party's basic line in economic, political, cultural and other aspects, and is the summary of the most important experience in recent years. Building the Party in accordance with the requirements of the "Three Represents" means building the Party around its basic line and program.

Strengthening the Party's organizational construction is fundamentally to turn it into a strong leadership core and fully leverage the Party's organizational advantages

Comrade Deng Xiaoping emphasized that the correct political line depends on the correct organizational line to ensure the success of China's affairs. In a certain sense, the key lies in the people, and thus proposed the "four modernizations" policy of revolutionizing, rejuvenating, knowledge-based, and professionalizing the cadre team, with the first being revolutionization. On this basis, Comrade Jiang Zemin emphasized the following important ideological viewpoints on the issue of Party organizational construction.

——Build a high-quality leadership cadre team that can adapt to the requirements of new situations and tasks. Senior cadres should not only strive to become knowledgeable, proficient, and competent professionals in their own work, but also first and foremost strive to become politicians loyal to Marxism, adhering to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and capable of governing the party and country. We need to cultivate and select a group of successors who will take on important responsibilities across the century. At the same time, with ideological construction as the focus, we will build the leadership team at all levels into a leadership collective that firmly implements the Party's basic theory and line, wholeheartedly serves the people, has the ability to lead modernization construction, and is united and strong. According to Comrade Jiang Zemin's important ideology of "emphasizing learning, politics, and integrity", the "Three Emphasis" education activity has been carried out among leading cadres at or above the county level. This is a major measure taken to strengthen the construction of the leadership team, improve the quality of the cadre team, and solve the prominent problems in party spirit and conduct under the new situation.

——Strengthen and improve the construction of grassroots organizations of the Party. We must prevent situations where the foundation is weak and the ground shakes. The grassroots organizations of the Party should start from their own characteristics, conscientiously fulfill the responsibilities stipulated in the Party Constitution, and strive to become a strong fortress for implementing the Party's line, principles, and policies, uniting and leading the masses to complete their own unit's tasks. Strengthen the construction of grassroots Party organizations in state-owned enterprises, rural areas, communities, schools, research institutes, and the military, especially in non-public economic organizations and other new economic organizations, social organizations, civil society organizations, and floating populations, and continuously explore new forms, approaches, and methods. The learning and education activities of the important thought of "Three Represents" carried out in rural areas have promoted the resolution of prominent problems in rural areas, effectively improved the quality of grassroots cadres, and enhanced the combat effectiveness of rural grassroots organizations. This is a successful exploration in this regard.

——To recruit new party members, we must adhere to the principle of ideological first joining the party. To implement the requirements of the "Three Represents", it is necessary to adhere to the vanguard nature of the Party's working class and continuously strengthen its class foundation. Party members from workers, farmers, intellectuals, soldiers, and cadres are the most basic component and backbone of the Party's team. At the same time, in order to continuously enhance the influence and cohesion of the Party in the whole society, we should also absorb outstanding members from other aspects of society who recognize the Party's program and constitution, consciously strive for the Party's line and program, have undergone long-term tests, and meet the conditions of party members, and continuously improve the ideological and political awareness of the majority of party members through the Party's melting pot. The main criteria for recruiting new party members are whether they can consciously strive to achieve the party's line and program, and whether they meet the requirements of party members.

Strengthening the construction of the Party's work style is fundamentally based on adhering to the purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly and fully leveraging the advantages of the Party's close ties with the masses

Comrade Deng Xiaoping emphasized that the party conduct of the ruling party is a matter of life and death for the party. Throughout the process of reform and opening up, we must oppose corruption and never be soft hearted. On this basis, Comrade Jiang Zemin emphasized the following important ideological viewpoints in the construction of the Party's work style.

——Establish and promote a good academic atmosphere. The whole party should strengthen learning, combine it with new practices, learn, learn, and learn again. Learning is multifaceted, and the first step is to strengthen the study of Marxism. The key is to grasp its theoretical essence, be good at applying its basic principles to new practices of socialist reform and modernization construction, and be brave in innovating in the combination of theory and practice.

——Establish and promote a good work style. The two biggest problems in this regard are formalism and bureaucracy. The key to practicing formalism is to only seek fame without achieving practical results. The key to the bureaucratic style is to detach oneself from the masses and become an official and master, which largely stems from the "official standard" consciousness formed in China's feudal society. From this, a series of requirements and countermeasures have been proposed to strengthen the construction of the Party's ideological and work style.

——Closely connect with the masses and always represent the fundamental interests of the Chinese people. Fundamentally speaking, political issues mainly involve attitudes towards the people and relationships with them. The fundamental requirement of adhering to the "Three Represents" is to consistently realize the fundamental interests of the people. All levels of Party organizations, party members, and cadres should strive to strengthen their connections with the people and safeguard their interests.

——Corruption is never allowed to have a hiding place within the party. To govern a country, we must first govern the Party, and to govern the Party, we must be strict. The more we reform and open up, the more we develop the socialist market economy, and the more we must govern the Party strictly. Throughout the process of reform and opening up, we must oppose corruption and keep the alarm bells ringing; We must not only establish the concept of long-term combat, but also fight phased battles one by one; Adhere to addressing both symptoms and root causes, education is the foundation, legal system is the guarantee, and supervision is the key. By deepening reforms, we will continuously eradicate the soil where corruption breeds and spreads.

The key to strengthening the construction of the Party's system and strictly governing the Party lies in establishing a convenient, effective, and binding mechanism

Comrade Deng Xiaoping attaches great importance to the construction of the Party's system, emphasizing that the issues of leadership and organizational systems are more fundamental, comprehensive, stable, and long-term. He proposed to improve the Party rules and laws, and institutionalize internal party life. Since the reform and opening up, we have continuously promoted political system reform and achieved significant results: abolishing the actual lifelong leadership system, improving the Party's leadership and governance methods, adhering to the multi-party cooperation system led by the Communist Party, strengthening the construction of grassroots democracy in urban and rural areas, and adhering to the combination of rule of law and rule of virtue.

On this basis, Comrade Jiang Zemin emphasized that strict governance of the Party and strict Party discipline are fundamental to the strict adherence of all Party organizations at all levels, as well as all Party members and cadres, to the Party Constitution, the principles of political life within the Party, and all Party regulations.

——Strictly follow the Party's leadership system in handling affairs. The first and foremost thing is to maintain political consistency with the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and ensure the smooth flow of its decrees. We need to further strengthen and improve the leadership and decision-making system of Party organizations, the system of Party leadership over the National People's Congress, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the government, and other aspects, and promote the institutionalization and standardization of democracy within the Party. Take into account the overall situation. All localities and departments must obey and serve the overall work of the entire Party and the country, and do their respective work well in this overall situation.

——Adhere to and improve the Party's democratic centralism. Democratic centralism is the fundamental organizational and leadership system of our Party, as well as the fundamental organizational discipline. All levels of Party committees must conscientiously implement the working rules of Party committees, achieve collective leadership, democratic concentration, individual deliberation, and meeting decisions.

——Actively and steadily carry out the reform of the cadre system. Mainly in the selection, assessment, appointment, communication, supervision and other aspects of cadres, a more comprehensive system is established to continuously cultivate and cultivate excellent cadres of all levels and types of the Party. To decide on the appointment and removal of cadres and personnel, relevant systems and regulations such as the Provisional Regulations on the Selection and Appointment of Party and Government Leading Cadres and the Outline for Deepening the Reform of the Cadre and Personnel System must be strictly implemented.

——From the central to local levels, the Party's leading organs and working departments at all levels must establish, improve, and improve standardized working mechanisms. The functional departments of the Party committee should be institutionalized and standardized, including their respective responsibilities, interrelationships, and relationships with the National People's Congress, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the government, and people's organizations involved.

Looking back on the journey of 80 years and looking forward to the prospects of the 21st century, we are full of confidence in achieving the overall goal of the new great project of party building. As long as we persevere in arming the whole party with the basic theory of the party, and keep pace with the times to carry out theoretical innovation, we will certainly be able to achieve the general goal of party building, so that our party will always remain progressiveness and remain invincible.

(Suo Yanwen)


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