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2018

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Xi Jinping: Speech at the Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening up

Speech at the Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening up (December 18, 2018)


Speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up

 

 

(December 18, 2018)

 

Xi Jinping

Comrades and friends:

 

December 18, 1978 will be an important date in the history of the Chinese nation, the CPC and the People's Republic of China. On this day, our party held the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee, achieving a profound and significant turning point in the history of the party since the establishment of New China, and embarking on a great journey of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

 

Today, we gather here solemnly to review the glorious journey of reform and opening up over the past 40 years, summarize the great achievements and valuable experiences of reform and opening up, mobilize the entire party and people of all ethnic groups in the country to continue pushing forward reform and opening up in the new era, and tirelessly strive to achieve the "Two Centenary Goals" and the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

 

Comrades and friends!

 

  The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held at a significant historical juncture where the Party and the country are facing the direction and direction.At that time, the world economy was developing rapidly and technology was advancing rapidly. However, the ten years of internal turmoil during the Cultural Revolution brought China's economy to the brink of collapse, making it difficult for the people to have enough food and clothing, and the country's construction needed to thrive. Both inside and outside the Party strongly demand the correction of the mistakes of the "Cultural Revolution", so that the Party and the country can rise again from the crisis. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out, "If we do not implement reform now, our modernization and socialist cause will be buried

 

Under the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping and with the support of the older generation of revolutionaries, the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China broke through the serious constraints of long-term "Left" errors, criticized the erroneous policy of "two whatevers", fully affirmed the need for a complete and accurate grasp of the scientific system of Mao Zedong Thought, highly evaluated discussions on the issue of truth standards, decisively ended the "class struggle as the main line", and re established the ideological and political line of Marxism Organizational route. From then on, China's reform and opening up opened a curtain.

 

Our party's historic decision to implement reform and opening up is based on a profound grasp of the future and destiny of the party and the country, a profound summary of socialist revolution and construction practice, a profound insight into the trend of the times, and a profound understanding of the expectations and needs of the people. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out that "poverty is not socialism", "we must keep up with the times, which is the goal of reform".

 

Historical development has its own laws, but people are not completely passive and passive in it. As long as we grasp the trend of historical development, seize the opportunity of historical change, strive for success, and forge ahead, human society can move forward better.

 

 
 
 

The reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party, which nurtured our party's great creation from theory to practice. Reform and opening up is a great revolution in the development history of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, and it is precisely this great revolution that has promoted the great leap of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics!

 
 

 

Comrades and friends!

 

The establishment of the CPC, the founding of the People's Republic of China, and the promotion of reform and opening up and the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics are three historic events that have occurred in China since the May 4th Movement, and three milestones in realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation since modern times.

 

The CPC, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative, combined the basic principles of Marxism Leninism with the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution, created Mao Zedong Thought, united and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups in China, completed the New Democratic Revolution, established the People's Republic of China, established the basic socialist system, and successfully realized the most profound and greatest social change in Chinese history after a long period of bloody struggle, It has laid the fundamental political prerequisite and institutional foundation for all development and progress in contemporary China. In the process of exploration, although it has gone through serious twists and turns, the Party's original theoretical achievements and tremendous achievements in socialist revolution and construction have provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation, and material foundation for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period.

 

After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, the CPC, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, united and led the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups, profoundly summarized the positive and negative experience of China's socialist construction, learned from the historical experience of socialism in the world, founded Deng Xiaoping Theory, made the historic decision to shift the work center of the party and the country to economic construction and implement reform and opening up, and profoundly revealed the essence of socialism, Establishing the basic line for the primary stage of socialism, clearly proposing to follow one's own path and build socialism with Chinese characteristics, scientifically answering a series of basic questions about building socialism with Chinese characteristics, and formulating a development strategy that will take three steps to basically achieve socialist modernization by the middle of the 21st century, successfully creating socialism with Chinese characteristics.

 

After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, the people of the CPC, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, united and led the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups, adhered to the Party's basic theory and line, deepened their understanding of what socialism is, how to build socialism, what kind of party to build, and how to build the party, accumulated new valuable experience in governing the party and the country, and formed the important thought of "Three Represents". In the face of complex domestic and international situations and severe twists and turns in world socialism, we have defended socialism with Chinese characteristics, established the reform goals and basic framework of the socialist market economy system, established the basic economic system and distribution system in the primary stage of socialism, created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, promoted a new great project of party building, and successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.

 

After the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, united and led the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country, adhered to Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents" as the guidance, and in accordance with the new development requirements, deeply understood and answered major questions such as what kind of development to achieve in the new situation and how to develop, formed a scientific outlook on development, and seized an important period of strategic opportunities, In the process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, we should promote practical innovation, theoretical innovation and institutional innovation, emphasize the people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, form the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, focus on ensuring and improving people's livelihood, promote social fairness and justice, promote the building of a harmonious world, and promote the building of the Party's governing ability and progressiveness, Successfully adhered to and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics at a new historical starting point.

 

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has united and led the entire Party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country to comprehensively examine the new international and domestic situations. Through summarizing practice and looking forward to the future, it has deeply answered the major issue of what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics to adhere to and develop in the new era, and how to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It has formed the ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and adhered to the overall layout of promoting the "Five in One" as a whole Coordinate the promotion of the "Four Comprehensives" strategic layout, adhere to the overall tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability, propose a series of new concepts, new ideas, and new strategies for the work of the Party and the state in all aspects, promote historical changes and achievements in the cause of the Party and the state, and usher in a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. With great political courage and wisdom, we have proposed the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform, which is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and capacity, focus on enhancing the systematic, holistic, and collaborative nature of the reform, focus on major institutional innovation, and enhance the people's sense of gain, happiness, and security. We have launched more than 1600 reform plans, which have gnawed away many tough bones, We have overcome many rapids and rapids, and the reform has shown a situation of comprehensive efforts, multiple breakthroughs, rapid and steady steps, and deep progress.

 

Difficulties and hardships make you successful. Over the past 40 years, we have emancipated our minds, sought truth from facts, boldly tried and bravely changed, and created a Xintiandi.From the implementation of household contract linked to output, the emergence of township enterprises, the abolition of agricultural taxes, animal husbandry taxes and specialty taxes, to the separation of "three rights" of rural contracted land, winning the battle against poverty, implementing the rural revitalization strategy, from the establishment of special economic zones such as Shenzhen, coastal, border, river and inland central cities opening to the outside world, to joining the World Trade Organization, jointly building the "the Belt and Road", establishing free trade pilot zones, planning free trade ports with Chinese characteristics Successfully held the first China International Import Expo, from "bringing in" to "going out", from doing well in state-owned large and small enterprises, developing individual and private economies, to deepening the reform of state-owned assets and enterprises, and developing mixed ownership economies, from single public ownership to public ownership as the main body, and the common development of multiple ownership economies, and adhering to the "two unwavering" principle, From the traditional planned economy system to the unprecedented socialist market economy system, to making the market play a decisive role in resource allocation and better playing the role of the government, from focusing on economic system reform to comprehensively deepening the reform of economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization system and party building system, party and state institutional reform, administrative management system reform, legal governance system reform, judicial system reform A series of major reforms, including the reform of the foreign affairs system, social governance system, ecological environment supervision system, national security system, national defense and military reform, party leadership and party building system reform, and disciplinary inspection and supervision system reform, have been solidly promoted. Various measures for the convenience, benefit, and benefit of the people have been continuously implemented, making reform and opening up the most prominent feature and magnificent atmosphere of contemporary China.

 

Comrades and friends!

 

Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, from opening a new era to entering a new century, from standing at a new starting point to entering a new era, our party has led the people to paint a magnificent and magnificent historical picture, composing a touching and magnificent hymn of struggle.

 

——For the past 40 years, we have always adhered to the principles of liberating the mind, seeking truth from facts, keeping up with the times, and seeking truth and pragmatism.We have unwaveringly adhered to the guiding position of Marxism, the basic principles of scientific socialism, and courageously promoted theoretical, practical, institutional, cultural, and other innovations. We have continuously endowed socialism with Chinese characteristics with distinct practical, theoretical, ethnic, and contemporary characteristics, The path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics have been formed, demonstrating the vitality of scientific socialism with irrefutable facts. The great banner of socialism has always been flying high on the land of China!

 

  ——Over the past 40 years, we have always adhered to economic construction as the center,  continuously liberating and developing social productive forces. China's gross domestic product has increased from 367.9 billion yuan to 82 7 trillion yuan, with an average annual real growth rate of 9.5%, much higher than the world economy during the same period An average annual growth rate of around 9%. The proportion of China's gross domestic product to the world's gross domestic product has increased from 1.8% at the beginning of the reform and opening up to 15.2%, with a contribution rate of over 30% to world economic growth over the years. The total import and export volume of goods in China has increased from 20.6 billion US dollars to over 4 trillion US dollars, with a cumulative use of foreign direct investment exceeding 2 trillion US dollars and a total outward investment of 1.9 trillion US dollars. China's main agricultural product production has leapt to the forefront of the world, establishing the world's most complete modern industrial system, and receiving frequent reports of technological innovation and major engineering achievements. China has made significant achievements in infrastructure construction, with smooth information flow, a network of highways, dense railways, towering high dams, the West East Gas Pipeline, the South to North Water Diversion Project, high-speed railways galloping, giant ships sailing, airplanes soaring, and natural trenches becoming accessible. Now, China is the world's second largest economy, the largest manufacturing country, the largest trade in goods, the second largest consumer of goods, and the second largest inflow of foreign capital. China's foreign exchange reserves have been ranked first in the world for many consecutive years, and the Chinese people have taken decisive steps in their journey to become rich and strong!

 

——Over the past 40 years, we have always adhered to the path of political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics, continuously deepened political system reform, developed socialist democratic politics, continuously improved the leadership system of the Party and the state, and deepened the comprehensive rule of law. The legal system of socialism with Chinese characteristics has become increasingly sound, and the system and rule of law guarantees that the people are the masters of the country have become stronger. The cause of human rights has developed comprehensively, and the patriotic united front has been further consolidated, The content of people's enjoyment and exercise of democratic rights in accordance with the law is richer, channels are more convenient, and forms are more diverse. The Chinese people, who are in control of their own destiny, have shown unprecedented enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity, demonstrating the powerful power of swallowing mountains and rivers in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization construction!

 

——For the past 40 years, we have always adhered to the development of advanced socialist culture,strengthened the construction of socialist spiritual civilization, cultivated and practiced socialist core values, inherited and promoted excellent traditional Chinese culture, guided by scientific theory, united with correct public opinion, shaped the soul with advanced culture, and inspired the fighting spirit with excellent works. Patriotism, collectivism, and socialist spirit have been widely promoted, serving as role models for the times Heroic models are constantly emerging, culture and art are becoming increasingly prosperous, the internet and information industry is developing rapidly, the ideals, beliefs, and cultural confidence of the entire nation are constantly increasing, and the national cultural soft power and influence of Chinese culture are greatly enhanced. The great spirit of reform and opening up forged by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the connotation of national spirit and become the most distinctive spiritual symbol of the contemporary Chinese people!

 

——For 40 years, we have always adhered to ensuring and improving people's livelihoods through development,comprehensively promoting the provision of education for young children, education for learning, income for labor, medical treatment for illness, care for the elderly, housing for the elderly, and assistance for the weak, continuously improving people's lives and enhancing their well-being. The per capita disposable income of Chinese residents has increased from 171 yuan to 26000 yuan, and the middle-income group continues to expand. The cumulative reduction in poverty in China is 740 million, and the incidence of poverty has decreased by 94.4 percentage points, marking a brilliant chapter in the history of human anti poverty. The education industry has developed comprehensively, and the consolidation rate of nine-year compulsory education has reached 93% 8%. China has established the world's largest social security system, including elderly care, medical care, subsistence allowances, and housing. Basic pension insurance covers over 900 million people, while medical insurance covers over 1.3 billion people. The urbanization rate of the permanent population has reached 58 52%, up 40.6 percentage points. The life expectancy of residents has increased from 67 The age of 8 has increased to 76.7 years in 2017. China maintains long-term stability in the overall social situation and has become one of the most secure countries in the world. Food stamps, cloth stamps, meat stamps, fish stamps, oil stamps, tofu stamps, non-staple food stamps, industrial stamps and other tickets that were once inseparable from people's lives have entered the Museum of History. The problems that have plagued our people for thousands of years, such as hunger, lack of food and clothing, and poverty, are generally gone forever!

 

——For the past 40 years, we have always adhered to protecting the environment and conserving resources,promoting the construction of ecological civilization, accelerating the formation of the ecological civilization system, gradually improving the system of main functional areas, making significant progress in energy conservation and emission reduction, smooth progress in major ecological protection and restoration projects, and significantly strengthening ecological environment governance. We actively participate in and guide international cooperation to address climate change, and the Chinese people are born here The home that grows here is even more beautiful and pleasant!

 

——For the past 40 years, we have always adhered to the absolute leadership of the Party over the military, continuously promoted the modernization of national defense and the military, and promoted the revolutionary reshaping of the people's army. We have made historic breakthroughs in weapons and equipment, fundamentally changed the way we govern the military, significantly improved the level of revolutionization, modernization, and standardization, and significantly enhanced the ability of the people's army to safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests. We have become the guardian of the people's happy life A strong and unbreakable force to defend our motherland and world peace!

 

——For the past 40 years, we have always adhered to the great cause of promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland,implemented the basic principle of "one country, two systems", and successively restored the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao, washing away the century long humiliation of the Chinese nation. The sense of national and cultural identity of all Chinese people at home and abroad has greatly enhanced, and the will to work together to build the Chinese Dream has become stronger!

 

——For 40 years, we have always adhered to an independent foreign policy of peace, unswervingly followed the path of peaceful development, pursued a mutually beneficial and win-win strategy of opening up, firmly upheld the basic norms of international relations, and upheld international fairness and justice. We have achieved a historical transformation from being closed and semi closed to being fully open, actively participating in the process of economic globalization, and making due contributions to promoting common human development. We actively promote the construction of an open world economy, the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind, and promote the transformation of the global governance system. We firmly oppose hegemonism and power politics, and continuously contribute Chinese wisdom, solutions, and strength to world peace and development. China is increasingly approaching the center of the world stage, becoming a recognized builder of world peace, contributor to global development, and maintainer of the international order by the international community!

 

——Over the past 40 years, we have always insisted on strengthening and improving the Party's leadership, actively responded to various risks and tests faced by the Party under the conditions of long-term governance and reform and opening up, continued to promote the new great project of Party building, maintained the progressiveness and purity of the Party, and maintained the flesh and blood ties between the Party and the people. We actively explore the laws of the Communist Party's governance, socialist construction, and human social development, and continuously open up new horizons for the sinicization of Marxism. We adhere to the principle of Party management and strict governance, purify the political ecology within the Party, persist in upholding integrity and discipline, vigorously crack down on formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism, and extravagance, and severely punish corruption with a zero tolerance attitude. The fight against corruption has achieved an overwhelming victory. Our party is firmly at the forefront of the times in revolutionary forging, and has always been the backbone of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation!

 

The reform and opening up has greatly changed the face of China, the face of the Chinese nation, the face of the Chinese people, and the face of the CPC.The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, becoming rich, to becoming strong! Socialism with Chinese characteristics has ushered in a great leap from establishment, development to perfection! The Chinese people have made a great leap from insufficient food and clothing to a moderately prosperous society! The Chinese nation is standing tall in the east of the world with a new posture!

 

The achievements achieved in the past 40 years are not something that fell from the sky, let alone something bestowed by others, but rather the hard work, wisdom, and courage of the entire Party and people of all ethnic groups in the country! We have completed the industrialization process that developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years in just a few decades. In the hands of the Chinese people, impossible has become possible. We are extremely proud and proud of the Chinese people who have created miracles in the world!

 

Here, on behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, I would like to pay high tribute to the vast number of workers, farmers, intellectuals, cadres, PLA commanders and soldiers, officers and soldiers of the People's Armed Police Force, and public security officers who have contributed wisdom and strength to the reform, opening up, and socialist modernization construction on all fronts, as well as to democratic parties and non party figures, people's organizations, and patriotic figures from all walks of life! Sincere greetings to compatriots in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region, Taiwan, and overseas Chinese who have made positive efforts for the reform, opening up, and modernization construction of the motherland! To all foreign friends and people from all over the world who care about and support China's reform, opening up, and modernization construction, we express our sincere gratitude!

 

Comrades and friends!

 

40 years of practice have fully proven that the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics that our party has united and led the people of all ethnic groups in the country since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China are completely correct, and the basic theory, line, and strategy formed by the party are completely correct.

 

40 years of practice have fully proven that China's development has provided successful experience and shown bright prospects for the modernization of developing countries. It is a powerful force in promoting world peace and development, and a significant contribution made by the Chinese nation to the progress of human civilization.

 

  40 years of practice have fully proven that reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the Party and the people to catch up with the times with great strides, a necessary path to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, a key move to determine the fate of contemporary China, and a key move to achieve the "Two Centenary Goals" and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

 

Only by following the trend of history, actively adapting, and actively seeking change can we keep pace with the times. The valuable experience accumulated over the past 40 years of reform and opening up is a precious spiritual treasure for the Party and the people, and has extremely important guiding significance for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It must be cherished and sustained for a long time, and continuously enriched and developed in practice.

 

Firstly, it is necessary to adhere to the Party's leadership in all work and continuously strengthen and improve the Party's leadership. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has enlightened us that the leadership of the CPC is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The Party, government, military, and civil education are all led by the Party. It is precisely because we have always adhered to the centralized and unified leadership of the Party that we can achieve a great historical turning point, embark on a new era of reform and opening up, and embark on a new journey of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Only in this way can we successfully cope with a series of major risks and challenges, overcome countless difficulties and obstacles, effectively adapt to the situation, calm down storms, fight floods, prevent SARS, resist earthquakes, and mitigate crises. Only in this way can we neither follow the old path of isolation and rigidity nor the evil path of changing our flag and changing our flag, But firmly adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To uphold the leadership of the Party, it is necessary to continuously improve its leadership and make it more adaptable to the requirements of practice, the times, and the people. On the major principle of adhering to the leadership of the Party, which determines the future and destiny of the Party and the country, the entire Party and the whole country must maintain a high level of ideological, political, and action consciousness, and cannot waver in any way.

 

On the way forward, we must enhance the "Four Consciousnesses" and firmly uphold the "Four Confidences", firmly uphold the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership, and implement and reflect the Party's leadership in various fields such as reform, development and stability, internal affairs, diplomacy, national defense, and military governance. Every step of reform and opening up is not easy, and in the future, we will inevitably face various risks and challenges, and even unimaginable waves. Our Party should take overall responsibility, coordinate all parties, adhere to scientific governance, democratic governance, and legal governance, improve the Party's leadership style and style, enhance the Party's governance ability and level, continuously improve the Party's ability and determination to guide the direction, plan the overall situation, set policies, and promote reform, and ensure that the ship of reform and opening up follows the correct direction and breaks through the waves.

 

Secondly, we must adhere to putting the people at the center and continuously realize the people's aspirations for a better life. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us that to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation is the original intention and mission of the CPC, as well as the original intention and mission of reform and opening up. Our Party comes from the people, takes root in the people, and benefits the people. Serving the people wholeheartedly is the fundamental purpose of the Party. We must take the fundamental interests of the vast majority of the people as the fundamental starting point and foothold of all our work, adhere to the principle of whether the people support or not, whether they approve or not, and whether they are happy or not as the basis for formulating policies, comply with the people's hearts, respect public opinion, pay attention to people's emotions, and strive for people's livelihoods, By proposing and implementing correct theories, guidelines, and policies, we can lead the people forward, while also gaining momentum from their practical creation and development requirements, allowing the people to share the fruits of reform and opening up, and inspiring them to more consciously engage in the cause of reform and opening up and socialist modernization.

 

On the way forward, we must always regard the people's longing for a better life as our goal of struggle, practice the fundamental purpose of the Party, implement the Party's mass line, respect the people's dominant position, respect the wishes, experiences, rights, and roles expressed by the people in practical activities, and fully stimulate the creative power hidden among the people. We need to improve the democratic system, broaden democratic channels, enrich democratic forms, and improve the guarantee of the rule of law, ensuring that the people enjoy a wide range of full, real, and effective democratic rights in accordance with the law. We need to focus on addressing the urgent needs and expectations of the people, allowing them to share the achievements of economic, political, cultural, social, ecological and other aspects of development, and have a more direct and tangible sense of gain, happiness, and security, continuously promoting comprehensive human development and common prosperity for all people.

 

Thirdly, we must adhere to the guiding position of Marxism and continuously promote theoretical innovation based on practice. The 40 years of reform and opening up have inspired us: innovation is the life of reform and opening up. The development of practice is endless, and the liberation of the mind is endless. Engels said, "The ultimate cause of all social and political changes should not be found in people's minds or in their increasing understanding of eternal truth and justice, but in the changes in production and exchange methods. We adhere to the integration of theory with practice, promptly answer the questions of the times and the people, clear the ideological fog that troubles and hinders the development of practice, continuously promote the sinicization, modernization, and popularization of Marxism, and continuously open up new horizons for the development of Marxism.

 

On the way forward, we must adhere to the guidance of Marxism Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of the Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development, and the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics for the new era, and adhere to the organic unity of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. Developing Marxism in the 21st century and Marxism in contemporary China is the historical responsibility of the contemporary CPC. We need to strengthen our awareness of issues, the times, and strategies, grasp the essence and internal connections of the development of things with a profound historical perspective and a broad international perspective, closely track the creative practices of billions of people, draw on and absorb all the outstanding achievements of human civilization, continuously answer the new major issues raised by the times and practices, and let contemporary Chinese Marxism radiate a more brilliant light of truth.

 

Fourthly, we must adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and continuously adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The 40 years of reform and opening up have inspired us: direction determines the future, and path determines destiny. If we want to control our destiny in our own hands, we must have the determination not to change and the steadfastness of the way. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the theme of all theories and practices of our party has been to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. In China, a large country with a civilization history of over 5000 years and a population of over 1.3 billion, there is no textbook that can be regarded as the golden rule, nor is there a teacher who can guide the Chinese people. Mr. Lu Xun once said, "What is a road? It is trampled on from a place that has never been a road, opened up from a place with only thorns." The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a grand road for contemporary China to catch up with the times and lead the development of the times, and must be unwaveringly taken down.

 

On the way forward, we must adhere to the guidance of the ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, enhance the "Four Confidences", and firmly grasp the direction of reform and opening up. What and how to reform must be based on whether it conforms to the overall goal of improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We will resolutely reform what needs to be changed and what cannot be changed. We must adhere to the Party's basic line, unify the two basic points of economic construction as the center, adhering to the Four Cardinal Principles, and adhering to reform and opening up in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We must persist in this for a long time and never waver.

 

Fifthly, we must adhere to the improvement and development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and continuously leverage and enhance China's institutional advantages. The 40 years of reform and opening up have inspired us that the system is a fundamental, global, stable, and long-term issue that is related to the development of the Party and the country. We have seized the key to improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, providing strong guarantees for liberating and developing social productive forces, liberating and enhancing social vitality, and maintaining the vitality of the Party and the country. We have also provided strong guarantees for maintaining overall social stability, ensuring the people's peaceful living and work, and safeguarding national security. We have also unleashed the vitality of all factors such as labor, knowledge, technology, management, and capital, We have established a dynamic institutional mechanism that allows all sources of creating social wealth to flow fully and continuously.

 

On the way forward, we must unwaveringly consolidate and develop the public ownership economy, encourage, support, and guide the development of the non-public ownership economy, fully play the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, better play the role of the government, and stimulate the vitality of various market entities. We must adhere to the organic unity of the Party's leadership, the people's ownership and the rule of law, uphold and improve the system of people's congresses, the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of grass-roots mass autonomy, comprehensively promote the rule of law, consolidate and develop the broadest patriotic united front, develop socialist consultative democracy, and use the system to ensure the people's ownership. We need to strengthen the institutional construction in the cultural field, raise the banner, gather the hearts of the people, cultivate new people, promote culture, and showcase our image, actively cultivate and practice socialist core values, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of excellent traditional Chinese culture, inherit revolutionary culture, develop advanced culture, and strive to create a Chinese culture that shines in the era and the world. We need to strengthen the construction of social governance systems, continuously promote social fairness and justice, and maintain social stability and order. We need to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization system and implement the strictest ecological environment protection system. We must resolutely eliminate all institutional and institutional obstacles that hinder development, as well as barriers to solidified interests, accelerate the formation of a systematic, scientific, standardized, and effective institutional system, and promote the maturity and finalization of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

 

Sixth, we must prioritize development and continuously enhance China's comprehensive national strength. The 40 years of reform and opening up have inspired us that liberating and developing social productive forces, enhancing the comprehensive national strength of socialist countries, are the essential requirements and fundamental tasks of socialism. Only by firmly grasping the center of economic construction, unwaveringly adhering to the strategic idea that development is the absolute principle and should be scientific and high-quality development, and promoting sustained and healthy economic and social development, can we comprehensively enhance China's economic, technological, national defense, and comprehensive national strength, and lay a solid material foundation for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

 

On the way forward, we must focus on solving the main social contradiction between the growing needs of the people for a better life and imbalanced and insufficient development, firmly implement the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, coordinate the overall layout of the "Five in One" and the strategic layout of the "Four Comprehensives", promote high-quality development, and promote new industrialization, informatization, urbanization The modernization of agriculture is developing synchronously, accelerating the construction of a modern economic system, and striving to achieve higher quality, more efficient, fairer, and more sustainable development. We must adhere to the main line of supply side structural reform, actively transform development methods, optimize economic structure, transform growth drivers, actively expand domestic demand, implement regional coordinated development strategies, implement rural revitalization strategies, and resolutely fight the battle of preventing and resolving major risks, precision poverty alleviation, and pollution prevention and control. We must adhere to the concept that innovation is the first driving force and talent is the first resource, implement the innovation driven development strategy, improve the national innovation system, accelerate independent innovation of key core technologies, and create new engines for economic and social development. We need to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization, firmly establish the concept that green waters and mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, form a green development and lifestyle, build our great motherland more beautiful, and let people live in a beautiful environment where the sky is bluer, the mountains are greener, and the water is clearer.

 

Seventh, we must adhere to expanding openness and continuously promote the joint construction of a community with a shared future for mankind. The 40 years of reform and opening up have inspired us: opening up brings progress, while closure inevitably leads to backwardness. China's development cannot be separated from the world, and the prosperity of the world also requires China. We have coordinated the domestic and international situation, adhered to the basic national policy of opening up to the outside world, implemented a proactive opening up policy, and formed a new pattern of comprehensive opening up in all aspects, multiple levels, and a wide range of fields, creating a good international environment and expanding vast development space for our country.

 

On the way forward, we must hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and win-win situation, adhere to the foreign policy purpose of maintaining world peace and promoting common development, and promote the construction of a new type of international relationship that respects each other, is fair and just, and is cooperative and win-win. We must respect the right of people of all countries to choose their own development path, uphold international fairness and justice, advocate for the democratization of international relations, oppose imposing our own will on others, oppose interference in the internal affairs of other countries, and oppose the use of force over the weak. We need to play the role of a responsible major country, support the development of developing countries, actively participate in the reform and construction of the global governance system, and work together to build a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, inclusiveness, and clean beauty. We need to support an open, transparent, inclusive, and non discriminatory multilateral trading system, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and promote economic globalization towards a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced, and win-win direction. We should focus on jointly building the "the Belt and Road", work with all parties to create a new platform for international cooperation, and add new impetus to the common development of the world. China will never develop itself at the expense of sacrificing the interests of other countries, nor will it give up its legitimate rights and interests. China adheres to a defensive national defense policy, and its development does not pose a threat to any country. No matter how far China develops, it will never seek hegemony.

 

Eighth, we must adhere to comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, and continuously improve its creativity, cohesion, and combat effectiveness. The 40 years of reform and opening up have inspired us: to forge iron, one must be hard on their own. The key to running China's affairs well lies in the Party, and the key lies in adhering to the Party's need to manage the Party and comprehensively and strictly govern the Party. Our Party can only lead the great social revolution of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, while firmly promoting the Party's great self revolution, daring to eliminate all viruses that erode the Party's healthy body, so that the Party can continuously purify, improve, innovate, and improve itself, and continuously enhance its political leadership, ideological leadership, mass organization, and social appeal, Only then can we ensure that the Party always maintains close ties with the people.

 

On the way forward, we must follow the general requirements of party building in the new era, take political construction as the leadership, continuously promote the new great project of party building, continuously enhance the unity, unity, and creative vitality of the whole party, continuously enhance the governing ability of the whole party, and make the party building stronger and more powerful. We must persist in examining ourselves in accordance with the requirements of the times, awaken ourselves with a strong sense of hardship, strengthen and improve ourselves with the spirit of reform and innovation, exercise and improve ourselves in dealing with risks and challenges, purify ourselves in solving prominent contradictions and problems within the Party, and continuously improve the level of Party governance. We must adhere to the principles of combining morality and talent, putting morality first, and appointing people on the basis of merit, and focus on cultivating a loyal, clean, and responsible team of high-quality cadres and a grand talent team. We must use the resilience and perseverance that anti-corruption is always on the way, deepen both root and root causes, resolutely eliminate all corrupt elements, ensure the integrity of cadres, the integrity of the government, and political integrity, and create a clean political ecology for continuing to promote reform and opening up.

 

Ninth, we must adhere to dialectical and historical materialism worldviews and methodologies, and correctly handle the relationship between reform, development, and stability. The 40 years of reform and opening up have inspired us: China is a major country and must not make disruptive mistakes on fundamental issues. We adhere to the combination of strengthening the leadership of the Party and respecting the pioneering spirit of the people, adhering to the combination of "crossing the river by feeling the stones" and top-level design, adhering to the unity of problem orientation and goal orientation, and promoting pilot projects and comprehensive promotion. We not only encourage bold experimentation and daring breakthroughs, but also adhere to seeking truth from facts and doing good deeds, ensuring the stability and long-term development of reform and opening up.

 

On the way forward, we need to enhance strategic thinking, dialectical thinking, innovative thinking, rule of law thinking, and bottom line thinking, strengthen macro thinking and top-level design, adhere to problem orientation, focus on prominent contradictions and problems faced by China's development, conduct in-depth investigation and research, encourage bold exploration at the grassroots level, adhere to the connection between reform decision-making and legislative decision-making, and continuously improve the scientific nature of reform decision-making. We need to show resilience in grasping the traces of iron and stepping on stones to ensure the implementation of major reform measures with the spirit of nailing. We must not only dare to be the first in the world and dare to venture and try, but also actively and steadily, taking swift and steady steps to unify reform, development, and stability. We must adhere to the same direction, no deviation in the path, and no reduction in efforts, and promote the reform and opening up in the new era to go more steadily and further.

 

Comrades and friends!

 

Adhering to the unity of enriching the country and strengthening the military, and building a solid national defense and a strong military that is commensurate with China's international status, national security, and development interests, is a strategic task of China's socialist modernization construction. We must fully implement the Party's ideology of building a strong military in the new era, adhere to the Party's absolute leadership over the military, grasp the development trend of the world's new military revolution, adhere to the path of building a strong military with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively deepen national defense and military reform, promote political building, reform building a strong military, science and technology building a military based on the rule of law, build a people's army that listens to the Party's command, can win battles, and has a good style of work, and strive to build a world-class military to safeguard national sovereignty Security and development interests provide strong support for maintaining world peace and stability and achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

 

The great concept of "one country, two systems" has strong vitality. We need to fully and accurately implement the principles of "one country, two systems", "Hong Kong people governing Hong Kong", "Macao people governing Macao", and a high degree of autonomy, strictly follow the Constitution and Basic Law, improve the systems and mechanisms related to the implementation of the Basic Law, maintain long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao, support and promote their better integration into the overall development of the country, and let our compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao share the historical responsibility of national rejuvenation with the Chinese people Share the great glory of the prosperity and strength of our motherland.

 

Realizing complete reunification of the motherland is the common aspiration of all Chinese people and the fundamental interest of the Chinese nation. We must adhere to the One China principle and the 1992 Consensus, consolidate and develop the foundation for peaceful development of cross-strait relations, deepen economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation between the two sides, and benefit our compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. We have a firm political determination and strong ability to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the sacred territory of our motherland cannot be separated at all!

 

Comrades and friends!

 

The Chinese people possess the spirit of great dreams, and the Chinese nation is full of the spirit of change and openness. Thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese nation adhered to the spirit of "although Zhou was an old state, his life was renewed" and embarked on the great practice of creating Chinese civilization. Since ancient times, numerous reforms and movements have taken place on the land of China, leaving behind heroic declarations such as "governing the world without uniformity, making the country better than the ancients". Since ancient times, the Chinese nation has carried out exchanges and cultural exchanges with foreign ethnic groups with confidence and magnanimity, with a broad mind of "universal unity" and "harmony among all nations". It has once composed the vast Silk Road long song of "thousands of miles of camel bells and thousands of miles of waves", and also created the prosperous Tang Dynasty atmosphere of Chang'an, the clothing society of all nations. It is precisely this spirit of transformation and openness, characterized by the belief that 'heaven moves healthily, gentlemen strive for self-improvement' and 'the terrain is vast, gentlemen carry things with virtue', that has made Chinese civilization the only brilliant civilization in human history that has lasted for over 5000 years and has not been interrupted to this day. From the perspective of thousands of years of history, reform and opening up are generally the historical norm in China. The Chinese nation continues to move towards the future with a posture of reform and opening up, with a profound historical origin and profound cultural foundation.

 

As a large country, we should have ambitious aspirations. Comrade Mao Zedong said, "Winning the national victory is only the first step after the Long March. If this step is also worthy of pride, it is relatively small, and what is even more worthy of pride is still ahead. Looking at the victory of the Chinese People's Democratic Revolution after several decades, people will feel as if it is just a short prelude to a long drama. The drama must start from the prelude, but the prelude is not yet the climax We are not only good at destroying an old world, but we will also be good at building a new world

 

At the beginning of the reform and opening up, although our country was large, populous, and had a weak foundation, we faced numerous difficulties and challenges. However, we were full of confidence in the future and designed a grand blueprint to basically achieve socialist modernization in three steps over 70 years. Without extraordinary courage and firm confidence, such grand ideas and decisions could not have been made.

 

For 40 years, we have been steadfast in our determination to move forward towards this great goal, rain or shine. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China set higher goals for China's development, forming a strategic arrangement from building a moderately prosperous society in all respects to achieving basic modernization, and then to building a socialist modernized strong country in all respects, and emitting the strongest voice for realizing the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

 

The ancients said, "Those who do things are born out of consideration, accomplished in tasks, and lost in pride." Great dreams are not something that can be waited for or shouted for, but rather put together and worked out. What we are currently in is a time when the boat's journey to the middle is more urgent and the people's journey to the middle of the mountain is steeper. It is a time when it becomes increasingly difficult and dangerous to advance, but if we do not advance, we will retreat, and we must advance. The reform and opening up have gone through countless mountains and rivers, but we still need to cross mountains and rivers. The mission before the entire party and people of all ethnic groups is more glorious, the task is more arduous, the challenges are more severe, and the work is greater. In this era of thousands of sails competing and hundreds of boats competing for the top, we must not have any arrogance, complacency, hesitation, or hesitation. We must take charge of great struggles, great projects, great undertakings, and great dreams, bravely stand at the forefront, and fight bravely.

 

Faith, belief, and confidence are always crucial. As small as an individual or a collective, as large as a political party, a nation, or a country, as long as they have faith, belief, and confidence, they will become more and more determined and brave as they fight. Otherwise, they will lose without fighting or collapse without fighting. Whether in the past, present, or future, faith in Marxism, faith in socialism with Chinese characteristics, and confidence in realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the Chinese Dream are all powerful spiritual forces that guide and support the Chinese people to stand up, become rich, and become stronger.

 

Comrades and friends!

 

Forty years of thrilling waves crashing on the shore, and ninety thousand miles of wind and roc soaring. The reason why a river can break through a cliff and seize a pass is because it has accumulated the great power of a thousand miles rushing and thousands of valleys flowing back. In the long historical process since modern times, the Chinese people have gone through too many hardships, sacrificed too much, and fought too much. Now, the strong energy accumulated by the Chinese people and the Chinese nation in the historical process has fully exploded, providing an unstoppable and magnificent force for achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

 

Building a socialist modernized strong country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay race. We must continue to run one stick after another, and each generation must achieve good results for the next generation.

 

The entire Party and people of all ethnic groups in the country should unite more closely around the Party Central Committee, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, never forget their original aspirations, remember their mission, carry out reform and opening up to the end, continuously realize the people's aspirations for a better life, and create new and greater miracles for the Chinese nation in the new era! Create new and greater miracles that make the world stand out!

Source: Xinhua Network