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2012

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Tightly focusing on adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, studying and promoting the implementation of the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China outlines a grand blueprint for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, accelerating socialist modernization, and winning new victories in socialism with Chinese characteristics under new historical conditions. It is the unity of our Party and Youth League


The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China outlines a grand blueprint for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, accelerating socialist modernization, and achieving new victories in socialism with Chinese characteristics under new historical conditions. It is a political declaration and action plan for our party to unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups in the country to continue advancing along the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and strive to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and points out the direction for the work of our current central leadership collective. The central government has issued a notice on earnestly studying, promoting, and implementing the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Party committees at all levels should, in accordance with the requirements of the notice, lead the study, promotion, and implementation of the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to a deeper level.

The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized the need to hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, emphasizing that socialism with Chinese characteristics is a fundamental achievement that the Party and the people have strived for, created, and accumulated over the past 90 years. It must be cherished, consistently adhered to, and continuously developed. It called on the entire Party to tirelessly explore and grasp the laws of socialism with Chinese characteristics, maintain the vitality of the Party, and maintain the momentum of national development, Strive to explore the broader development prospects of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It can be said that adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is a main line that runs through the report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. We must firmly grasp this main line and regard adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics as the focus, focus, and foothold for learning and implementing the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Only in this way can we learn more deeply, understand more thoroughly, and implement the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China more consciously.

Why do I emphasize this point? This is because the long-term practice of the Party and the state has fully proven that only socialism can save China, and only socialism with Chinese characteristics can develop China. Only by holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics can we unite and lead the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups to build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way when the CPC is founded 100 years ago, and build a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious when the People's Republic of China is founded 100 years ago, so as to win a happier and better future for the Chinese people and the Chinese nation.

Focusing closely on adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, studying and promoting the implementation of the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I believe that the following aspects should be grasped from the combination of theory and practice.

Firstly, a profound understanding of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental achievement achieved by the Party and the people in their long-term practice. Socialism with Chinese characteristics was created in the new era of reform and opening up, and is also built on the long-term struggle of our party. It was achieved through the unity and leadership of several generations of central leadership collective of our party and the whole nation through countless hardships, various costs, and relay exploration. Our party has firmly relied on the people, fundamentally changing the future and destiny of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, irreversibly ending the tragic fate of China's internal and external troubles, poverty and weakness after modern times, and irreversibly launching the historical march of the Chinese nation's continuous development and growth towards great rejuvenation. This has enabled the Chinese nation, with a civilization history of over 5000 years, to stand tall among the nations of the world with a new posture.

The first generation of central leadership collective of the Party, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the core, provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation, and material foundation for the creation of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The second generation of central leadership collective of the Party, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the core, successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics. The third generation central leadership collective of the Party, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the core, has successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century. It can be seen that socialism with Chinese characteristics, carrying the ideals and explorations of several generations of the CPC, reposing the long cherished aspirations and expectations of countless people with lofty ideals, and condensing the struggle and sacrifice of hundreds of millions of people, is the inevitable choice for China's social development since modern times and the only way to develop and stabilize China.

Practice has fully proved that socialism with Chinese characteristics is the banner of unity, progress and victory of the CPC and the Chinese people. To comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society, accelerate socialist modernization, and achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must always hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, firmly adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China requires the entire party to firmly have confidence in the path, theory, and system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is the fundamental reason for this.

Secondly, we should deeply understand that socialism with Chinese characteristics is composed of a trinity of path, theoretical system, and system. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clarified the scientific connotations and interrelationships of the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. It emphasized that the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the path to realization, the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the guide for action, and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental guarantee. The three are unified in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics. This is the most distinctive feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

This summary tells us that socialism with Chinese characteristics is a close combination of practice, theory, and system. It not only elevates successful practices into theories, but also guides new practices with correct theories. It also promptly elevates the principles and policies that have already been effective in practice into the system of the Party and the state. Therefore, socialism with Chinese characteristics is particularly characterized by its path, theoretical system, and system, as well as its internal connection with its implementation path, action guide, and fundamental guarantee. It is particularly characterized by the unity of these three aspects in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In contemporary China, adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is truly adhering to socialism.

The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only way to achieve socialist modernization in China and to create a better life for the people. The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics not only adheres to economic construction as the center, but also comprehensively promotes economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction, ecological civilization construction, and other aspects of construction; Adhere to both the Four Cardinal Principles and reform and opening up; It not only continuously liberates and develops social productive forces, but also gradually achieves common prosperity for all people and promotes comprehensive human development.

The theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the latest achievement in the sinicization of Marxism, including Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of the "Three Represents", and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It has a relationship with Marxism Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought in adhering to, developing, inheriting, and innovating. Marxism Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought must not be lost, as losing them means losing the essence. At the same time, we must focus on the practical issues of China's reform, opening up, and modernization construction, centered on what we are doing, and focus on the application of Marxist theory, theoretical thinking on practical problems, and new practices and developments. In contemporary China, adhering to the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is truly adhering to Marxism.

The socialist system with Chinese characteristics adheres to the organic integration of the fundamental political system, the basic political system with the basic economic system, as well as various specific institutional mechanisms. It also adheres to the organic integration of the national level democratic system with the grassroots democratic system, and the organic integration of the Party's leadership, the people's ownership of the country, and the rule of law. This is in line with China's national conditions and reflects the characteristics and advantages of socialism with Chinese characteristics, It is the fundamental institutional guarantee for China's development and progress.

It should be noted that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is distinctive and efficient, but it is not yet perfect and mature. The cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics is constantly developing, and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics also needs to be continuously improved. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out in an important speech during his inspection of the South in 1992, "It may take another thirty years for us to form a more mature and standardized system in all aspects." The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized the need to prioritize institutional construction and fully leverage the superiority of China's socialist political system. We must adhere to theoretical innovation based on practice to promote institutional innovation, adhere to and improve existing systems, start from reality, timely formulate some new systems, build a systematic, scientific, standardized, and effective institutional system, make all aspects of the system more mature and standardized, and provide more effective institutional guarantees for winning the new victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Thirdly, deeply understand the overall basis, layout, and task of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized that the overall basis for building socialism with Chinese characteristics is the primary stage of socialism, the overall layout is the Five in One, and the overall task is to achieve socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The summary of these "three generalizations" is from a high perspective, concise and concise. A profound understanding and grasp of this new generalization will help us deeply understand and grasp the true meaning and essence of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Emphasizing the overall basis is because the primary stage of socialism is the biggest national condition and reality of contemporary China. We must firmly grasp this biggest national situation in all circumstances, and promote reform and development in all aspects based on this biggest reality. Not only should we always base ourselves on the primary stage in economic construction, but we should also always remember the primary stage in political, cultural, social, and ecological civilization construction; Not only should we base ourselves on the primary stage when the economic aggregate is low, but we should also remember the primary stage after the economic aggregate increases; Not only should we base ourselves on the initial stage when planning for long-term development, but we should also remember the initial stage in our daily work. The basic line of the Party in the primary stage of socialism is the lifeline of the Party and the country. In practice, we must always adhere to the principle of "one center, two basic points" without wavering, neither deviating from the "one center" nor neglecting the "two basic points", unify the practice of the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the firm determination of the lofty ideal of communism, resolutely resist various erroneous propositions that abandon socialism, and consciously correct erroneous concepts and policy measures that go beyond the stage. Only in this way can we truly achieve neither self belittling nor arrogance, and solidly achieve a new victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Emphasizing the overall layout is because socialism with Chinese characteristics is a comprehensive development of socialism. We must firmly grasp the top priority of the Party's governance and rejuvenation of the country, always represent the development requirements of China's advanced productive forces, adhere to economic construction as the center, and coordinate the promotion of political construction, cultural construction, social construction, ecological civilization construction, and other aspects of construction on the basis of continuous economic development. With the continuous deepening of China's economic and social development, the status and role of ecological civilization construction are increasingly prominent. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China incorporated the construction of ecological civilization into the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, making the strategic position of ecological civilization construction clearer, which is conducive to integrating ecological civilization construction into various aspects and the entire process of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, and social construction. This is an important achievement of our party's continuous deepening of practice and understanding of the laws of socialist construction. We need to follow this overall layout and promote the coordination of various aspects of modernization construction, as well as the coordination between production relations and productivity, superstructure and economic foundation.

Emphasizing the overall task is because our party has been shouldering the historical mission of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation since its establishment. Our party leads the people to carry out revolutionary construction and reform, aiming to make the Chinese people prosperous, the country strong, and revitalize the great Chinese nation. According to the strategic deployment of the "three step" modernization construction, building a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, and harmonious socialist modernized country is the goal of our party and country in the entire primary stage of socialism. Our party's solemn mission, the fundamental purpose of reform and opening up, and the goal of our country's struggle are all focused on and attributed to this overall task. We must firmly grasp this overall task and persevere from generation to generation.

Our party has always proposed inspiring goals based on the will of the people and the needs of career development in different historical periods, and has united and led the people to strive for them. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has enriched and improved the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, in accordance with the new changes in domestic and international situations, in line with the new development of China's economy and society, and the new expectations of the general public. It has put forward new requirements that are more clearly guided by policies, more targeted at development challenges, and better responsive to the wishes of the people. These goals and requirements are in line with the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects proposed by the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the new requirements for achieving the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects proposed by the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, as well as the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The whole party and the whole country should work hard with one heart, be determined to innovate and forge ahead, and work together to achieve the goals of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and deepening reform and opening up proposed at the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

Fourthly, deeply understand the basic requirements for achieving a new victory in socialism with Chinese characteristics. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward the basic requirements that must be firmly grasped to achieve new victories in socialism with Chinese characteristics under new historical conditions. These basic requirements are proposed based on the Party's basic theory, basic line, basic program, and basic experience, and a profound summary of China's socialist construction, especially the practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics over the past 60 years. They are the most essential things that reflect the laws of the Communist Party's governance, socialist construction, and human social development, indicating that our Party has reached a new level of understanding of the laws of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The basic requirements proposed by the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China further answered the fundamental question of how to achieve new victories in the new historical journey of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the cause of millions of people themselves, so it is necessary to unleash the spirit of people's ownership and better ensure that the people are the masters of the country. Liberating and developing social productive forces is the fundamental task of socialism with Chinese characteristics, so it is necessary to adhere to economic construction as the center, scientific development as the theme, and achieve people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated, and sustainable scientific development. Reform and opening up is the only way to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, so it is necessary to always implement the spirit of reform and innovation in all aspects of governance and continuously promote the self-improvement and development of China's socialist system. Fairness and justice are inherent requirements of socialism with Chinese characteristics, so it is necessary to accelerate the construction of a system that plays a significant role in ensuring social fairness and justice, and gradually establish a social fairness guarantee system based on the common struggle of all the people and economic and social development. Common prosperity is the fundamental principle of socialism with Chinese characteristics, so it is necessary to make development achievements more equitable and beneficial to all people, and steadily move towards the direction of common prosperity. Social harmony is an essential attribute of socialism with Chinese characteristics, so it is necessary to unite all forces that can be united, maximize the factors of harmony, enhance social creativity, and ensure that the people live and work in peace, society is stable and orderly, and the country has long-term peace and stability. Peaceful development is an inevitable choice for socialism with Chinese characteristics, so we must adhere to open development, cooperative development, and win-win development, expand the convergence of interests with all parties, and promote the construction of a harmonious world of lasting peace and common prosperity. The CPC is the leading core of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, so we must strengthen and improve the leadership of the Party, and give full play to the leading core role of the Party in taking overall responsibility and coordinating all parties.

The basic requirements proposed by the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China are a positive response to the prominent problems in China's current economic and social development, the difficulties faced in reform and accelerating the transformation of the economic development mode, and the hot issues of general concern to cadres and the masses. They are the correct guidance for China to enter the decisive stage of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, including reform, development, stability, internal affairs, diplomacy, national defense, and governance of the party, country, and military. These basic requirements involve not only productivity and production relations, but also the economic foundation and superstructure, the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the new great project of party building, and the overall coordination of domestic and international situations. The planning and deployment of various work at the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China follow and reflect these basic requirements. By grasping these basic requirements, we can better gather strength, overcome difficulties, continue to promote scientific development, promote social harmony, continue to improve people's lives, enhance people's well-being, and complete the glorious and arduous tasks bestowed by the times.

Fifth, deeply understand and ensure that the Party always becomes the strong leadership core of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized that our party bears the heavy responsibility of uniting and leading the people to comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society, promote socialist modernization, and achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Party is strong, the Party maintains flesh and blood ties with the people, the country is prosperous and stable, and the people are happy and healthy. The development of the situation, the exploration of the cause, and the expectations of the people all require us to comprehensively promote the new great project of party building with the spirit of reform and innovation, and comprehensively improve the scientific level of party building. To govern a country, we must first govern the Party, and to govern the Party, we must be strict. Therefore, the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed the overall requirements and various tasks of comprehensively improving the scientific level of Party building under the new situation. The entire party should deeply learn, understand, and implement each item one by one.

The general requirements for Party building put forward at the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) are not only put forward with a view to inheriting and carrying forward the fundamental point that our Party has maintained and developed the progressiveness nature of Marxist political parties for more than 90 years, but also put forward with a view to adapting to and responding to new changes in the world, national conditions, and party conditions under the new situation. Over the years, we have comprehensively promoted the new great project of Party building, improved the Party's governing ability, maintained and developed its progressiveness and purity, and strengthened and improved its leadership. At the same time, compared with the development and changes of domestic and international situations, and the historical tasks undertaken by the Party, there is still a significant gap in the leadership and governance level of the Party, the construction status of Party organizations, and the quality, ability, and style of Party members and cadres. Especially in the new situation, strengthening and improving the construction of the Party is facing the "four major tests" and "four dangers". The task of implementing the Party's management of the Party and strict governance of the Party is more arduous and urgent than ever before. The entire Party must enhance its sense of urgency and responsibility, firmly grasp the overall requirements of Party building, continuously improve the Party's leadership and governance level, enhance its ability to resist corruption, prevent change, and resist risks, so that our Party can always stay at the forefront of the times in the historical process of profound changes in the world situation, and become the backbone of the entire people in the historical process of responding to various risks and tests at home and abroad, In the historical process of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, it has always become a strong leadership core.

Firmly adhering to ideals and beliefs, and adhering to the spiritual pursuit of communists, has always been the fundamental foundation for communists to establish themselves. The belief in Marxism, socialism and communism is the political soul of Communists and the spiritual pillar for them to withstand any test. Visually speaking, ideal and belief are the "calcium" in the spirit of Communist Party members. Without ideal and belief, if ideal and belief are not firm, there will be a "calcium deficiency" in the spirit and one will suffer from "osteomalacia". In real life, some party members and cadres face various problems, ultimately resulting in confusion of faith and spirit. The entire party should, in accordance with the deployment of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, deeply study and practice the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, especially the Scientific Outlook on Development, emphasize party spirit, value moral character, set an example, and unswervingly strive to achieve the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Strengthening the relationship between the Party and the masses, the cadres and the masses, and maintaining flesh and blood ties with the people have always been the foundation of our Party's invincibility. The future and destiny of a political party or regime ultimately depend on the hearts and minds of the people. If we detach ourselves from the masses, lose their support and support, we will ultimately lead to failure. We need to adapt to the new characteristics and requirements of mass work under the new situation, deepen the work of organizing, promoting, educating, and serving the masses, humbly learn from the masses, sincerely accept their supervision, always take root in the people, benefit the people, always maintain the flesh and blood connection between the Party and the people, and always connect with the people's hearts, breathe together, and share a common destiny. We should draw wisdom and strength from the great practice of the people, do a good job of conforming to public opinion, alleviating people's concerns, and benefiting people's livelihoods, and correct behaviors that harm the interests of the people. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to carry out the Party's mass line education and practice activities with the main content of being pragmatic and honest for the people throughout the entire Party. The central government will deploy this activity, and party committees at all levels should effectively implement it, focus on solving prominent problems that are strongly reflected by the people, and ensure the effectiveness of the activity.

Opposing corruption, building a clean and honest politics, and maintaining the physical health of the Party have always been the clear political stance that our Party has always adhered to. The construction of Party conduct and clean governance is a major political issue that has always been of concern to the majority of cadres and the masses. In recent years, some countries have accumulated long-standing conflicts that have led to grievances, social unrest, and political downfall, with corruption being a very important reason. A large number of facts tell us that the problem of corruption is becoming increasingly severe, and ultimately the party and country will inevitably perish! We need to be vigilant! The serious violations of discipline and law that have occurred within our party in recent years are of a very bad nature, with extremely bad political influence, which is shocking. Party committees at all levels should take a clear stance against corruption, more scientifically and effectively prevent and control corruption, achieve the integrity of cadres, the integrity of the government, and political integrity, and always maintain the political integrity of Communist Party members. Leading cadres at all levels, especially senior cadres, should consciously abide by the code of integrity, be strict with themselves, and strengthen education and restraint on relatives and staff around them. It is never allowed to seek personal gain through power or engage in privilege. All behaviors that violate Party discipline and national laws must be severely punished and never softened.

The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized that developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is a long-term and arduous historical task, and it is necessary to prepare for a great struggle with many new historical characteristics. All Party members must have a stronger belief and more tenacious efforts, unwaveringly adhere to and keep up with the times to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, continuously enrich the practical, theoretical, ethnic, and contemporary characteristics of socialism with Chinese characteristics, unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups in the country, strive to achieve the goals and tasks of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, continue to promote modernization, and achieve national reunification The three major historical tasks of maintaining world peace and promoting common development. This is the historical responsibility of our generation of Communists, and we must devote all our wisdom and strength to it.

(This is Xi Jinping's speech during the first collective learning session of the Political Bureau of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.)

 

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