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Party History Centennial Daily Reading - October 13th

Mao Zedong called Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, Qin Bangxian and Ye Jianying. The telegram pointed out that: even if Taiyuan is lost, it has nothing to do with the overall situation, because Datong, Taiyuan line on both sides of our troops to the line of attack, the enemy is surrounded by me on all sides, the pivot of the situation in North China, is now in the Hengshan Mountain Range and Zhengtai Road.


October 13, 1937

Mao Zedong sends a telegram to Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, Qin Bangxian and Ye Jianying. The telegram pointed out that even if Taiyuan is lost, it has nothing to do with the overall situation, because both sides of the Datong and Taiyuan lines are attacked by our troops, the enemy is surrounded by me on all sides, and the pivot of the overall situation in North China is now in the Hengshan Mountain Range and the Zhengtai Road. If this area is lost, the war situation in North China will immediately turn into a localized war, the enemy has reached the goal of controlling the hub of North China, our Red Army is in a passive position, and Henan is also threatened. In order to ensure that the Taihang Mountains, Zhengtai Railway in my hands, ready to Datong, Zhangjiakou, Beiping line for a strategic counter-offensive, to support the protracted war in North China, used to consume the enemy, to defend the Central Plains provinces of the purpose, the telegram puts forward eight specific operational views.

 

October 13, 1987

At a meeting with Kádár, General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, Deng Xiaoping points out that as far as our country is concerned, the first thing is to get rid of poverty. To get rid of poverty, we have to find out a relatively fast path of development. Poverty is not socialism, nor is development too slow. Otherwise what is the superiority of socialism? Socialism develops the productive forces and the fruits belong to the people. Our aim is common prosperity. It takes a number of years of hard work to demonstrate the superiority of socialism and the fact that we have taken the right road to socialism. What we really need to do now is to accelerate the development of the productive forces through reform, stick to the socialist road, and prove the superiority of socialism by our practice. It will take two, three or even four generations to realize this goal.

He emphasized that China's reform, opening up and modernization should follow its own path and give full play to its political advantages. He pointed out that we take our own path according to our own characteristics and our own country's situation. We should neither copy the practices of Western capitalist countries nor those of other socialist countries, nor should we throw away the superiority of our system. For example, the leadership of the Communist Party is our superiority. We must adhere to the leadership of the Communist Party, but of course, there must be supervision and constraints. Another example is the democratic centralized system which is also our superiority. This system is more conducive to uniting the people and is much better than Western democracy. When we make a certain decision, it can be implemented immediately. Another example is the solution of the ethnic problem, China has adopted the system of regional ethnic autonomy. We think this system is better and suits China's situation. We have many superior things, which are the advantages of our social system, and we cannot give them up. Therefore, we have to stick to the four basic principles. A part of this talk was included in the third volume of Deng Xiaoping's Selected Writings under the title "The Business We Are Doing is a Whole New Business".

 

October 13, 2014

The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee conducted the 18th collective study on national governance in China's history. Xi Jinping, while presiding over the study, emphasized that history is the best teacher. In the long historical process, the Chinese nation has created a unique and splendid culture and accumulated a wealth of experience in governance, which includes both the successful experience of social development and progress in the era of peace and prosperity, as well as the profound lessons of social unrest in the era of decay and chaos. In ancient times, China advocated that the people are the foundation of the state and the government should have its people, that the rule of law and ritual should be combined, that virtue and punishment should be supplemented, that the key to governance should not be preceded by the acquisition of people, that the state should first be ruled by officials, and that governance should be based on morality, that the person should be corrected and cultivated, and that it should be prepared for danger in times of peace and security, and that it should be changed to a new state and be transformed, and so on. In governing the country and society, many of the things we encounter today can be found in history, and many of the things that have happened in history can also be used as a mirror for today. China's today has developed from China's yesterday and the day before yesterday. To govern today's China well, we need to have an in-depth understanding of China's history and traditional culture, as well as to actively summarize the exploration and wisdom of China's ancient governance. 

He pointed out that it is necessary to emphasize the study of traditional Chinese culture and to inherit and carry forward the excellent traditional Chinese culture. To realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, there must be the Chinese spirit, and the Chinese spirit must be adhered to on the premise of the socialist core value system, actively penetrate into the time-honored spiritual world of the Chinese nation, and fully inherit and carry forward the positive, upward and good thoughts and culture that have been formed by our nation for a long time, so as to make it serve for cultivating and practicing the socialist core values, building the advanced socialist culture, and serving the cause of the Party and the country. culture, and for the development of the Party and the country. 

He pointed out that we Communists are staunch Marxists, and our Party's guiding ideology is Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At the same time, we are not historical nihilists or cultural nihilists, and we cannot forget our ancestors and be presumptuous. Chinese traditional culture has a long history and is profound and profound. The various thoughts and cultures produced during the formation and development of the Chinese nation have recorded the spiritual activities, rational thinking and cultural achievements created by the Chinese nation in its long struggle, reflecting the spiritual pursuits of the Chinese nation, and the most core contents of which have become the most basic cultural genes of the Chinese nation. 

He emphasized that the excellent traditional Chinese culture is our deepest cultural soft power and the fertile cultural soil where socialism with Chinese characteristics is rooted. Each country and nation has different historical traditions, cultural deposits and basic national conditions, and its development path is bound to have its own characteristics. A country's governance system and ability are closely related to its historical heritage and cultural traditions. The solution to China's problems can only be found on Chinese soil by exploring paths and approaches that suit ourselves. For thousands of years, the Chinese nation has followed a path of civilized development different from that of other countries and nations. It is no accident that we have opened up the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is determined by our historical heritage and cultural traditions. In promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, we certainly need to study and learn from all the best achievements of human civilization, but not by copying the political concepts and institutional models of other countries, but by creatively advancing from the realistic conditions of our country. 

 

October 13, 2019

Xi Jinping sent a letter to congratulate the Chinese Young Pioneers on the 70th anniversary of their founding. In the letter, he noted that over the past 70 years, under the leadership of the Party, the Young Pioneers have adhered to the unity of organizational, independent and practical education, making important contributions to the Party and the people's cause of passing on the flame. He pointed out that the Young Pioneers should be a school for children and young people to learn socialism and communism with Chinese characteristics, and should be a preparatory team for building socialism and communism. Pioneers in the new era should love the motherland, love the people, love the CPC, set up lofty ideals, cultivate good morals, study knowledge diligently, exercise a strong body, cultivate the spirit of labor, learn to be pioneers from their elementary school, grow up to be pioneers, and strive to grow up to become new men of the times who are capable of taking on the great responsibility of national rejuvenation. He emphasized that the whole party and society should attach importance to the work of the Young Pioneers. Party committees and governments at all levels should strengthen leadership and safeguards, and create conditions for the healthy growth of young pioneers and the development of the cause of the Young Pioneers. The Communist Youth League should fulfill its duty to lead the team, unite and lead the Young Pioneers to keep the original mission in mind, always listen to the Party and follow the Party, and make the red scarf more colorful.

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