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Party History Centennial Daily Reading - October 14th

The Liberation Daily published an editorial, "Lessons from History", written by Mao Zedong. The editorial pointed out that the contradiction between Hitler's strength and his ambition was an important reason for his failure. This contradiction was manifested in his policy of avoiding the real and striking at the imaginary. All the places he avoided became the starting points for the Red Army's attacks on him. This will force Hitler to finally abandon all his strategic offensives. The editorial concludes by stating that the whole Soviet-German war has proved that fascism will fail if only people do not show mercy, that is to say, a little more courage, to fascism, and this is the lesson of history. The contradiction between Japan's strength and his ambition is also a certainty that Japanese fascism must be crushed to pieces.


Important Discourse

 

October 14, 1942  

Liberation Daily published an editorial entitled "Lessons from History" written by Mao Zedong. The editorial pointed out that the contradiction between Hitler's strength and his ambition was an important reason for his failure. This contradiction was manifested in his policy of avoiding the real and striking at the imaginary. All the places he avoided became the starting points for the Red Army's attacks on him. This will force Hitler to finally abandon all his strategic offensives. The editorial concludes by stating that the whole Soviet-German war has proved that fascism will fail if only people do not show mercy, that is to say, a little more courage, to fascism, and this is the lesson of history. The contradiction between Japan's strength and his ambition is also a certainty that Japanese fascism must be crushed to pieces.

 

October 14, 1950  

Mao Zedong calls Zhou Enlai. The telegram informs of the guidelines and deployment of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army to enter the Korean War, stating that: two to three defensive fronts will be constructed in the area north of the Pyongyang and Wonsan railroad lines, and south of the Deokcheon and Nyongwon highway lines. If the enemy comes to attack it will be divided and annihilated in front of the position; if the U.S. Army in Pyongyang and the pseudo army in Wonsan come to attack in two ways then hit the thinner isolated one. The determination now is to hit the pseudo army, but also to hit some isolated American troops. The U.S. Army is still at the 38th parallel, and it will take time for it to attack Pyongyang, and it will take time for it to attack Deokcheon from Pyongyang. If the U.S. forces in Pyongyang do not attack Deokcheon, it will be difficult for the pseudo forces in Wonsan to attack on their own, thus giving our troops time to advance and build up their defenses. Our army was scheduled to move on October 19th. In order to prepare for a victory in November when the enemy attacks the Deokcheon area, we decided that it would be better to set out with 260,000 men (12 infantry divisions and 3 artillery divisions).

 

October 14, 1951  

Mao Zedong drafts a telegram to the Party Committee of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army for the CPC Central Committee. The telegram states that the Central Committee expresses its gratification and consolation to all the comrades of the Volunteer Army for their heroic struggle for a whole year under the leadership of the Party Committee of the Volunteer Army and Comrade Peng Dehuai, which has resulted in a great victory. The present task is to strive with all efforts for final victory. At present the domestic situation is very good, and the whole Party and the people of the country warmly support you. The international situation is also in our favor, but the enemy is facing many difficulties. We also have difficulties, some of them great, but they can be overcome. As long as comrades continue to work hard and remain united with their North Korean counterparts, final victory can be achieved.

 

October 14, 1982  

Deng Xiaoping talked with Song Ping about the Sixth Five-Year Plan and long-term planning, pointing out that socialism, when compared with capitalism, has the superiority of being able to make the whole country work as one, concentrate its strengths, and ensure its priorities. The disadvantage is that the market is not well utilized, and the economy is not active. How to solve the problem of the relationship between the plan and the market? Solve it well, the development of the economy will be very favorable; solve it badly, it will be bad. Insufficient energy is not only a problem during the Sixth Five-Year Plan period, but also a problem for a long time to come. In our overall economic development strategy, energy and transportation are priorities, and so is agriculture. The development of agriculture depends on policy and science. The development and role of science and technology are endless. He pointed out when talking about strengthening the management of science and technology team: we are not without talents, the question is whether they can be well organized and used, their enthusiasm mobilized to give full play to their expertise. Now there is a shortage of scientific and technological personnel on the one hand, and on the other hand, there is a great waste of work, with non-study, with non-strength of the phenomenon is very serious. Such a form of management does not work. How to break the boundaries between the military and civilians, departments and local boundaries, rational use, the use of the country's scientific and technological personnel, and the use of appropriate, is a big problem. To implement the policy of intellectuals, the first thing is the management and use of the scientific and technological team. Talent, only bold use, can be cultivated. For those who are really capable, we should let go of promotion and break the mold in the salary scale. Recruitment is also a way out. We have to open a way out, so that talented people grow quickly, do not always get stuck with the talent. There is hope for our cause when talents keep coming out. The gist of this talk was published in Deng Xiaoping's Selected Writings, Volume III, under the title "The First Ten Years Prepare for the Next Ten Years".

 

October 14, 2002 

When Jiang Zemin met with United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, he pointed out that the world is in a period of great change, with two basic features: one is the multipolarization of the world, and the other is the globalization of the economy. The development of these two trends is a long and tortuous process, which may be repeated, but the general direction is irreversible. From a dialectical point of view, overall peace, détente and stability, and localized wars, tensions and turbulence are the basic dynamics of the international situation in the current and future periods. Turning to the issue of global development, he pointed out that, from a strategic point of view, the healthy development of the world economy could not be built on the basis of a few countries being rich and the majority being poor in the long term. The development of the world economy requires constant replenishment of power and the opening up of markets. It is difficult to create lasting peace and stability in a world with unbalanced development. The economic revitalization of developing countries was an unstoppable historical trend and an important feature of the new pattern of the twenty-first century. Turning to the relationship between civilizations, he said that civilizations differed in terms of length of history, but not in terms of superiority or inferiority. Differences in civilization are not a source of conflict in the world, but should be the starting point for world exchanges. The world should have less confrontation and more dialogue, less arrogance and prejudice and more exchange and communication. In this way, we can develop and progress together. The gist of this talk is included in the third volume of Jiang Zemin's Selected Writings under the title "Three Major Problems in Today's World". 

 

October 14, 2020 

A grand ceremony was held to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the meeting that we should hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, promote the overall layout of the "Five-in-one" and the strategic layout of the "Four Comprehensives" in a coordinated manner, start from the overall situation of our country entering into a new stage of development, implement the new concept of development, and closely follow the principle of promoting high-quality development and constructing a new development pattern. Promote high-quality development, build a new development pattern, with a forward-looking attitude of struggle, stormy spirit, reform without stopping, open up without stopping, in a higher starting point to promote reform and opening up, promote the work of the special economic zones to open up new horizons, and to build a socialist modernized country in all aspects, to achieve the second hundred years of the struggle to make a new and greater contribution. He pointed out that the 40-year reform and opening-up practice of Shenzhen and other special economic zones has accumulated valuable experience and deepened our understanding of the law of socialist special economic zone construction with Chinese characteristics. First, we must adhere to the Party's leadership in the construction of special economic zones, second, we must adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, third, we must adhere to the principle of development, fourth, we must adhere to opening up to the outside world on all fronts, fifth, we must adhere to innovation as the first driving force, sixth, we must adhere to the people-centered development ideology, seventh, we must adhere to the principle of scientific legislation, strict enforcement of the law, fair administration of justice, and compliance with the law by all people, and eighth, we must practice the principle of Green water and green mountains are golden silver mountains, nine must fully and accurately implement the basic policy of "one country, two systems", and ten must insist on giving better play to the role of radiation-driven special economic zones in the overall chess game of the country. He emphasized that today the world is experiencing a hundred years of unprecedented changes, China is in a critical period of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the economy has shifted from the stage of high-speed growth to the stage of high-quality development. Shenzhen should build an advanced demonstration zone of socialism with Chinese characteristics, create an example of a city in a strong socialist modernization country, improve the ability and level of implementing the new development concept, form a new pattern of comprehensively deepening reform and comprehensively expanding opening up, promote the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, enrich the development of new practices for the cause of "one country, two systems", and take the lead in realizing socialist modernization. Socialist modernization. He stressed that socialism with Chinese characteristics is socialism with comprehensive development of material and spiritual civilization. SEZs should insist on "grasping both hands and doing both" and deliver excellent results in both material and spiritual civilization. We should strengthen education on ideals and beliefs, cultivate and practice core socialist values, carry forward the national spirit with patriotism at its core and the spirit of the times with reform and innovation at its core, continue to carry forward the spirit of the Special Administrative Region that dares to break through, dare to try, dare to be the first and work hard, and educate and guide the general cadres and masses, especially young people, to be firm in their self-confidence in the road, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is necessary to carry out in-depth mass spiritual civilization creation activities, and constantly improve the people's civilization and the degree of social civilization.

 

Party History in Retrospect

 

1950

On October 14, 1950, the State Council made the Decision on the Regulation of the Huaihe River; in 1951, Mao Zedong wrote the inscription, "The Huaihe River must be repaired". By the winter of 1957, the project had begun to bear fruit.

 

1979

On October 14, the CPC Central Committee approved the document of the National Conference on United Front Work, "The Guidelines and Tasks of the United Front in the New Historical Period", and issued a circular stating that: In the new historical period, the United Front is still an important legal treasure. It is not something that can be weakened, but should be strengthened.