One hundred years of Party history read every day on October 25

Mao Zedong presided over a joint meeting of the General Front Committee of the CPC Red Army and the Jiangxi Provincial Executive Committee in Luofang, Xinyu, to discuss whether the Red Army should fight Nanchang and Jiujiang and how to crush the enemy's "encirclement". Based on the situation that the Kuomintang warlords were mobilizing their armies to advance towards the revolutionary base in Jiangxi after the war had stopped, Mao Zedong pointed out that the Red Army must not take the risk of attacking Nanchang.

Important discourse


October 25-26, 1930


Mao Zedong presided over a joint meeting of the general Front Committee of the Communist Party of China's First Red Front Army and the Jiangxi Provincial Committee in Xinyu Luo Fang to discuss whether the Red Front Army would fight Nanchang, Jiujiang and how to crush the enemy's "encirencirment and suppression".  Nanchang was heavily fortified by the enemy, and the Red Army was not yet strong enough to attack the big city. The Red Army should adopt the operational policy of "luring the enemy deeper", retreat to the base areas, rely on the support of the masses in the base areas and the favorable terrain and other conditions to crush the "encirclement and suppression" of the Kuomintang army. The vast majority of the participants, such as Chu De, agreed with this proposition, believing that the present was not a question of attacking the big cities, but of active defense. The conference adopted the Instructions on the current political situation and the tasks of the First Front Army and the Jiangxi Party. The instructions pointed out: At present, under the situation of the enemy's surge of troops and the fixed fortifications in Nanchang and Jiujiang, the Red Army alone attacked Nanchang and Jiujiang, and the Red Army did not have adequate supplies, and the transportation conditions were very lack, which undoubtedly would become a guerrilla attack, and the result could not be captured, and then turned to him, and the victory of a province was delayed. Another point is that they do not understand the active use of strategy and tactics. Strategy is determined by the objective situation and subjective forces, while tactics are based on the actual conditions at that time to use all means to achieve the realization of strategy, so tactics can often be changed without going against the strategy. The current strategy is to continue the victory of Ji 'an and strive for further victory under the general goal of occupying Nanxun Road and occupying Nanchang and Jiujiang, that is, to mobilize the broad masses in the area between Ji 'an and Nanchang to raise supplies, and at the same time to step up the mobilization of the masses and raise supplies in the rear to prepare for a large-scale decisive battle with the enemy, eliminate the main force of the enemy and achieve victory in the whole province.


October 25th, 1937


Zedon meets with the British journalist Bertram. The speech criticized the weakness of the Chinese government in the war of resistance, discussed the strategies and tactics that should be adopted in the war of resistance and the political work of the Eighth Route Army, etc., and pointed out that China's war of resistance was not only for self-salvation, but also fulfilled its great responsibility in the world anti-fascist front. The lessons learned in the War of Resistance are due to China's political and military weaknesses: only the government and the army are engaged in war of resistance, and the broad masses of the people are not allowed to join the war; The military was purely defensive and fought mostly passive battles, resulting in the loss of much land and the defeat of many armies. Therefore, both political and military reforms are needed. On the question of strategy and tactics, he pointed out that we do not oppose the use of some military forces in the front, which is necessary. But the main force must be used on the side, adopt the method of encirclement and circumvention, and attack the enemy independently in order to preserve its own strength and destroy the enemy's strength. Furthermore, a number of troops were used in the enemy's rear, which was particularly powerful because it disrupted the enemy's transport lines and base areas. Even for troops fighting in the front, pure defensive tactics should not be used, and "counter-assault" should mainly be adopted. The military failure in recent months is one of the important reasons for the improper operation methods. The methods of warfare now adopted by the Eighth Route Army are what we call independent guerrilla warfare and mobile warfare. If in the whole country the army, because of its large number, should be engaged in guerrilla warfare with one part guarding the front and the other part scattered, the main part should also be used frequently and intensively on the flank of the enemy. The first military imperative is to preserve oneself and destroy the enemy, and to achieve this objective, we must adopt independent guerrilla and mobile warfare and avoid all passive and rigid methods of warfare. If a large number of armies adopt mobile warfare, and the Eighth Route Army supplements it with guerrilla warfare, the ticket to victory will be in our hands. With regard to political work, it is pointed out that there are three basic principles for the political work of the Eighth Route Army: the principle of unity between officers and men, the principle of unity between the army and the people, and the principle of dismantling the enemy and treating prisoners of war leniently. By implementing these three principles, the whole army of the Eighth Route Army was united and welcomed by the people everywhere. This talk is included in the second volume of the Zedon Anthology.


October 25, 1982


When meeting with the delegation of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of France led by the General secretary of the Central Committee of the French Communist Party, Deng Xiaoping pointed out that the issue of inter-party relations: the socialist revolution and construction of a country should be handled independently by the party of the country itself, and any foreign party that wants to make remarks and finger-pointing will certainly make mistakes. A party is always relatively unfamiliar with the conditions of other countries and does not understand its own problems as well as it does at home. Even if a party makes mistakes, it must rely on itself to sum up and correct them, so as to be reliable. The Chinese revolution was won only by the Chinese Communists, of whom Comrade Mao Zedong was the outstanding representative, who thought independently and formulated their own strategies and tactics in the light of China's actual conditions.


October 25, 2018


 It is necessary to fully consider various complex situations and improve various response plans. We should focus on actual combat military training, strengthen command training and joint training, strengthen inspection and confrontational training, and improve the quality and level of military training and preparation. He pointed out that it is necessary to accelerate the construction of theater command capabilities, fulfill the command powers and responsibilities entrusted by the military Commission, improve the command operation mechanism, and ensure smooth and efficient command. It is necessary to strengthen the traction of operational requirements, do a good job of actual combat use, and improve the advanced nature, effectiveness, and autonomy of command means. Commanders at all levels should take the lead in strengthening study, strengthening practical training in military struggle, revitalizing the study of war and operational issues, and enhancing their practical ability to win modern wars.


Party history review

The year 1949


On October 25, the General Administration of Customs of the Central People's Government was established. On January 6, 1950, the Beijing Military Control Commission issued a notice announcing the resumption of foreign barracks in Beijing and the requisition of barracks and other buildings. Tianjin, Shanghai and other places have also recovered and requisitioned foreign barracks real estate. In July 1950, the Financial and Economic Committee of the Government Administration Council issued instructions on unified shipping management. All foreign military and economic privileges in mainland China were abolished.


The year 1950


On October 25, the Chinese People's Volunteers encountered the advancing enemy army and started the first battle of fighting abroad. Under the command of Peng Dehuai, the volunteers first adopted the method of advancing while fighting and annihilated the enemy in different ways. Immediately, the main force of the volunteer army was concentrated in the battle of Yunshan to give a heavy blow to the first Cavalry Division of the American "ace" force, and successfully blocked the American troops moving north on the eastern front. After continuous fighting, by the end of the first battle on November 5, the volunteers had killed more than 15,000 enemy troops and driven the "United Nations Army" from the Yalu River to the south of the Chongchon River, dashing MacArthur's vaunted plan to end the Korean War before Thanksgiving on November 23.


The year 1971


On October 25, the twenty-sixth United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 2758 by an overwhelming majority of votes, restoring all the legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and immediately expelling the "representatives" of the Chiang Kai-shek clique from the United Nations and all its affiliated organs. On November 15, a delegation from the People's Republic of China attended the United Nations General Assembly for the first time.


The year 1987


October 25 - November 1 The 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held. The report adopted by the Congress, "Advancing along the Road of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics," elaborated the theory of the primary stage of socialism, put forward the Party's basic line in the primary stage of socialism, and formulated a three-step development strategy for achieving modernization by the middle of the 21st century. The Congress adopted amendments to some articles of the Constitution of the Communist Party of China.


The year 2017

October 25 The First Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee elects Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji and Han Zheng as members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, elects Xi Jinping as General Secretary of the Central Committee, decides that Xi Jinping is to be the Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), and approves Zhao Leji as the Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.