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Party History Centennial Daily Reading - October 22nd

The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting in the town of Wuqi in northern Shaanxi. Mao Zedong made a report on the present course of action, pointing out that the Shanxi-Gansu detachment had already traveled 2,000 miles from the Russian border, and that the task of reaching this area had been accomplished. Now the National Revolutionary General Command has arrived here and become the center of the counter-revolutionary attack.


Important Discourse

 

October 22, 1935

 

The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee holds a meeting in the town of Wuqi in northern Shaanxi. Mao Zedong makes a report on the present course of action, pointing out that the Shanxi-Gansu detachment has traveled 2,000 miles from the Russian border, and the task of reaching this area has been completed. Now the National Revolutionary Command is here and has become the center of the counter-revolutionary attack. The enemy's pursuit and interception of us had to come to an end, and now it is the enemy's "encirclement". Our task is to defend and expand the northern Shaanxi Soviet area, and to lead the national revolution with the northern Shaanxi Soviet area. The three provinces of Shaanxi, Gan and Jin are the main areas of development. Now centering on the town of Wuqi, the first phase will be to the west, later to the south, and after the Yellow River freezes over it may be to the east. Great attention should be paid to relations with the comrades in the northwest, and they should be met with a happy and glad attitude. At the present time the world revolution has reached a new stage and imperialism is in conflict everywhere. With the Japanese imperialists monopolizing North China, the anti-imperialist movement is on the rise, anti-imperialist revolutions are brewing all over the country, and the masses in North Shaanxi are in urgent need of revolution, which is a favorable condition for crushing the enemy's "encirclement". Crushing the enemy's "encirclement" but also good leadership. He also pointed out that: the end of a year of long-distance marching, the beginning of a new movement war with a rear. Improving combat effectiveness, expanding the Red Army and solving the material problem are the central work of the troops. It is necessary to strengthen the cooperation between the white zone, white army work and guerrilla work. The views of the local masses should be respected and not suppressed in an arrogant manner. Mobilization of the masses depends mainly on local work, and there is no way to do it without them. Zhang Wentian made a concluding speech, pointing out that the task decided in the middle of the long march had been finally accomplished, that a historical period had ended and a new one begun. Comrades should be made to understand that now the defense of the Soviet area is to be turned into a direct national revolutionary war, and that the agrarian revolution is to be directly combined with anti-imperialism. We should explain our new tasks and raise the troops' self-confidence in consolidating and expanding the Soviet area. This meeting approved the strategic decisions of the Pungluo Township Meeting and declared the end of the Long March of the Central Red Army.

 

October 22-29, 1978

 

Deng Xiaoping visited Japan to attend the Ceremony of Exchange of Instruments of Ratification of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between China and Japan. This was the first visit of a Chinese leader to Japan after the founding of the People's Republic of China. 23rd, during a meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda, Deng Xiaoping said, "The signing of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship is a great event for China, for Japan, and even for the world. Even though our social systems are different, it doesn't matter. From the point of view of the situation in Asia and the Pacific, the two countries must improve their relations, and to expand the point, if the relations between our two countries are improved, it will have an important significance for the whole international situation. During this visit, we have repeatedly said that our two countries should continue to be friendly for generations to come. The development of relations between our two countries is not a matter of expediency. Frankly speaking, in this turbulent situation, China needs to be friendly with Japan and Japan needs to be friendly with China in the East alone. We understand that Japan wants to be friendly with all the countries of the world, and this is the national policy that Japan has set up. The same is true for us, to be friendly with all the countries of the world. We support any kind of measures taken by Europe and Japan to help poor countries develop their economic autonomy and political independence. We hope that Japan will do more in this regard.

 

October 22, 1996

 

Jiang Zemin elaborated on the connotation of the spirit of the Long March in his speech at the conference commemorating the 60th anniversary of the victory of the Red Army in the Long March. He pointed out that the great Long March left the Party and the people with the great Long March spirit. This spirit is the spirit of putting the fundamental interests of the people and the Chinese nation above all else, of holding firm to the ideals and beliefs of the revolution, and of believing in the inevitable victory of a just cause; it is the spirit of not being afraid of any hardship or obstacle, and of paying all sacrifices for the sake of saving the country and the people; it is the spirit of adhering to the principles of independence, seeking truth from facts and starting from the actual situation; it is the spirit of taking the whole situation into account, of observing discipline and of working in close unity; It is the spirit of relying closely on the people, living and dying together with the people, sharing difficulties and struggling hard. The spirit of the Long March is the highest manifestation of the indomitable and self-reliant national spirit of the Chinese nation, and is a powerful spiritual force that ensures that our revolutionary and construction endeavors go from victory to victory. This speech, entitled "Passing on the Spirit of the Long March from Generation to Generation," was included in the first volume of Jiang Zemin's Selected Writings. 

 

October 22, 2006

 

Hu Jintao proposed in his speech at the conference commemorating the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Red Army in the Long March that the Chineseization of Marxism should be vigorously promoted. He pointed out that, in order to inherit and carry forward the glorious revolutionary tradition of the Red Army's Long March, we should vigorously push forward the Chineseization of Marxism and constantly open up new horizons for the development of Marxism in contemporary China. We should insist on combining the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete reality of China, and constantly make new theoretical generalizations that meet the requirements of the development and progress of Chinese society and the practical needs of the people, so that Marxism in contemporary China will have more distinctive practical characteristics; we should be rooted in the soil of China, and the power of the truth of Marxism will be deeply fused into the vitality, creativity and cohesion of the nation, so that Marxism in contemporary China will have more distinctive national characteristics. Marxism should be rooted in Chinese soil, and the power of Marxist truth should be deeply fused into the life, creativity and cohesion of the nation, so that contemporary Chinese Marxism will have more distinctive national characteristics; it should always be in the forefront of the times, keenly grasp the characteristics of the times, and accurately reflect the requirements of the times, so that contemporary Chinese Marxism will have more distinctive characteristics of the times, so as to better provide scientific and theoretical guidance for the development of the Party's and the people's undertakings under the new historical conditions. This speech is included in Selected Important Literature Since the 16th National Congress (below).

 

October 22, 2015

 

Xi Jinping attends the opening ceremony of the annual conference of Confucius Institutes and Confucius Classrooms across the UK. In his speech, he pointed out that language is the best key to understanding a country, and Confucius Institutes are an important platform for the world to know China. As windows and bridges for language and cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries, Confucius Institutes and Confucius Classrooms have played an active role in learning Chinese language and understanding Chinese culture for people from all over the world, and have also made important contributions to promoting humanistic exchanges between China and other countries in the world and the development of a diversified and colorful world civilization. He pointed out that in recent years, Confucius Institutes have developed rapidly in the UK. At present, the UK has established 29 Confucius Institutes and 126 Confucius Classrooms, the highest number in Europe. The fruitful results achieved by Confucius Institutes across the UK also epitomize the vigorous development of humanistic exchanges between China and the UK. Through humanistic exchanges, the essence of Chinese and British cultures is having a marvelous "chemical reaction" on the way of thinking and living of the two peoples. "Never tire of teaching, never tire of teaching." I hope that all the teachers here will keep up their efforts and add bricks and mortar to the cause of Sino-British friendship. We hope that the Confucius Institute will continue to uphold its motto of "mutual respect, friendly consultation, equality and mutual benefit", and make new and greater contributions to spreading culture, communicating hearts and minds, and promoting the diversity of world civilizations.

 

October 22, 2020

 

The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held a meeting to hear a report on the summary and assessment of the implementation of the 13th Five-Year Plan. Xi Jinping presided over the meeting and delivered a speech. He pointed out that since the 13th Five-Year Plan, the CPC Central Committee has united and led the whole Party, the whole army and the people of all nationalities to push forward the overall layout of the "five-in-one" and the "four-comprehensive" strategic layout in an integrated manner. Since then, the CPC Central Committee has united and led the whole Party, the army and the people of all nationalities to promote the overall layout of the "Five-in-One" and the "Four-Comprehensive" strategy in a coordinated manner, adhere to the general principle of seeking progress while maintaining stability, unswervingly implement the new development concept, adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line to promote high-quality development, vigorously and systematically resolve contradictions and problems arising from the imbalance and insufficiency of development, calmly and steadfastly respond to the complex situation of a marked rise in external challenges, resolutely and decisively combat the serious impact of the new coronavirus epidemic, and resolutely move forward towards the established goals and tasks. The implementation of the "13th Five-Year Plan" has been smooth, the main indicators will be realized as scheduled, the major strategic tasks and 165 major projects have been fully implemented and effective, and the goals and tasks set by the plan will be completed successfully.

 

He emphasized that after the development of the 13th Five-Year Plan period, China's economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and comprehensive national strength have jumped to a new level, the overall economic operation has been stable, the economic structure has been continuously optimized, the modernization of agriculture has been steadily pushed forward, the results of the poverty alleviation and attack on poverty have attracted world attention, the prevention and control of pollution has been increased more and more, the ecological environment has been significantly improved, and the deepening of the reform has made a major breakthrough. The overall deepening of reform has achieved major breakthroughs, opening up to the outside world has continued to expand, the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" has yielded fruitful results, people's living standards have improved significantly, and the modernization of the country's governance system and ability to govern has been accelerated. What is particularly important is that in the practice of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the advantages of the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and China's socialist system have been further manifested, the new development concept has become more deeply rooted in people's hearts, the political qualities of the vast number of Party members and cadres have been honed as have their spirit of struggle, and the spirit of all ethnic groups across the country has become more energetic and vigorous, thus providing a new impetus for the start of the new journey of building a modernized socialist country in all respects. This has provided a strong political guarantee and a powerful force for progress in the new journey of building a modernized socialist country in an all-round way.

 

History of the Party

 

October 22, 1949

 

On October 22, 1949, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate were established; in 1954, the Supreme People's Procuratorate was renamed the Supreme People's Procuratorate.

 

1978

 

October 22-29 Deng Xiaoping visited Japan. This was the first visit to Japan by a Chinese leader since the founding of New China.

 

1998

 

October 22 Jiang Zemin wrote to the Party History Research Office of the CPC Central Committee, stating: "The study of theories should be combined with the understanding of historical events and the summarization of historical experience. The history of our Party in leading the people in revolution, construction and reform is a living textbook containing and embodying Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory." Jiang Zemin said, "I hope that Party committees at all levels will attach importance to the work of Party history and give full play to the role of Party history in informing politics and educating people. Comrades engaged in Party history work should see the responsibility on their shoulders and come up with more achievements to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, and to welcome the 50th anniversary of the founding of the country and the advent of the new century."

 

2019

 

October 22 The State Council publishes the Regulations on Optimizing the Business Environment.