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2016

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Where is the "new" in the new guidelines and regulations?

Zhang Guangzhao, Chen Zhenkai, the Sixth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, deliberated and passed the "Several Guidelines for Inner Party Political Life in the New Situation" and the "Regulations of the CPC on Inner Party Supervision", which are strengthening and


Zhang Guangzhao, Chen Zhenkai

The Several Guidelines for Inner Party Political Life in the New Situation and the Regulations of the CPC on Inner Party Supervision, which were reviewed and passed at the Sixth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, are programmatic documents for strengthening and standardizing inner party political life and strengthening inner party supervision in the new situation. They are new institutional arrangements formed by adhering to the combination of ideological and institutional Party building, and promoting comprehensive and strict party governance. They are innovative development of Marxist party building theory and practice.

So, where is "new" in the new "Guidelines" and "Regulations", why is "new", and what is the meaning of "new"?

New situation:

The situation of the world, national conditions, and the Party's situation have undergone new changes

Strengthening and standardizing political life within the Party and strengthening internal supervision are important topics for strengthening Party building in the new situation. The formulation of guidelines and revision of regulations at the Sixth Plenary Session of the Central Committee is an important top-level design aimed at solving prominent problems within the Party under the new situation.

Xi Jinping emphasized: "Especially in the new historical conditions, the international and domestic situation has undergone significant changes, and the governance environment and conditions that our party is facing have undergone significant changes. The 'four major tests' and' four dangers' that the party is facing are long-term, complex, and severe. In other words, there have been new changes in the world, national conditions, and party conditions.

At present, the world landscape is undergoing profound adjustments, and the domestic landscape is undergoing profound changes. China's development is still in an important period of strategic opportunities that can make great progress. However, the connotation of the strategic opportunity period is undergoing profound changes, facing both many favorable conditions and many risks and challenges. Especially, China is facing challenges such as the "middle-income trap" and "Thucydides trap", and the decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects is at a critical stage.

Specifically, in the post financial crisis era, Western countries are undergoing deep adjustments, and emerging countries such as China are accelerating their rise. The competition for world development models is showing a new trend. As the world's second largest economy, China is increasingly moving towards the center of the world stage and playing an increasingly important role in the global governance system. The interaction between China and foreign countries is becoming more complex and sensitive, and the institutional models and values of China and the West are facing more direct collisions and competitions.

In addition, with the continuous promotion of reform and opening up, the continuous development of the socialist market economy, the continuous improvement of public education, and the arrival of the Internet era, the trend of interest diversification and class differentiation has intensified. National governance is more complex and sensitive, facing many new risks and challenges. The comprehensive deepening of reform has entered a "critical period" and "deep water zone". Every step forward must touch the adjustment of interest relations and patterns, face obstacles in ideological concepts and barriers to interest solidification.

Meanwhile, for a period of time, there have been varying degrees of weakening of the Party's leadership, lack of Party building, and inadequate comprehensive and strict governance of the Party. To be specific, some Party members and cadres have weakened their awareness of the Party in their minds. There are many gaps in adhering to the progressiveness and purity propositions of the Party. The danger of being divorced from the masses is increasing. A small number of Party members and cadres have doubts and confusion about the future and destiny of Marxism and world socialism. Even some regions, departments and Party members and cadres have not obeyed and maintained the authority of the Central Committee of the Party enough, This affects the ruling foundation and political prestige of the party.

In short, there have been significant changes in the situation, tasks, and internal situation of the ruling party. Under the new historical conditions, to carry out great struggles with many new historical characteristics and promote the new great project of party building, new regulations and requirements must be made in response to the new situation, situation, and problems. Facing the new situation and tasks, formulating several guidelines for political life within the party under the new situation, revising the regulations on internal supervision, the timing is ripe, the conditions are met, the requirements are urgent, and the significance is significant.

New deployment:

New institutional arrangements have been made

Strengthening and standardizing political life within the Party and strengthening internal supervision are important topics for strengthening the institutionalization and organizational construction of the Party in the new situation, and also important means to promote comprehensive and strict governance of the Party.

The CPC is a big party with more than 88 million members, and a party that will be in power for a long time in a country with a population of more than 1.3 billion. The institutionalization and organization of the party is of great importance and affects the overall situation. After the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping and other central leaders, based on summarizing historical experience and lessons, proposed the idea of building the Party through institutional means and governing the Party according to regulations. In 1980, they formulated the "Several Guidelines for Political Life within the Party".

This criterion is a rich development of Marxist party building theory and has groundbreaking significance. Its main principles and provisions still apply today. However, due to the historical conditions and main contradictions that were addressed by this guideline at that time, some prominent contradictions and problems that appeared within the party had not yet been encountered, while some of the more prominent contradictions and problems at that time were no longer prominent.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Xi Jinping as its core has adhered to comprehensive and strict governance of the Party. It has successively carried out mass line education and practice activities, "Three Stricts and Three Realities" special education, and "Two Studies and One Action" learning and education within the Party, accumulating new experience and measures to strengthen and standardize political life within the Party and strengthen internal supervision.

The formulation of guidelines and revision of regulations at this plenary session is a major arrangement aimed at promoting comprehensive strict governance of the Party, adhering to the combination of ideological and institutional governance. It is a new major deployment to strengthen Party building in the new situation, institutionalizing and procedural the successful experience and practices of comprehensive strict governance of the Party since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, forming a new institutional arrangement and tightening the cage of party governance system.

Based on a systematic summary of recent years, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the "Guidelines" propose over 160 new major viewpoints and measures to comprehensively implement strict governance of the Party, including new experiences and achievements. In particular, the third part of the "Guidelines" states that "to uphold the authority of the Party Central Committee, the first step is to adhere to the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee. The leadership core of a country or a political party is crucial." It is unimaginable for a large country like China to assume leadership responsibility and lead over a billion people in modernization without a responsible and well governed politician as the leadership core. Without the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized unity, there will be no guarantee of governance, no governance efficiency, and no beautiful reform vision and development blueprint can be implemented; Clarifying the core requires firmly establishing political awareness, overall situation awareness, core awareness, and alignment awareness, which is conducive to unified understanding within the party, reaching consensus, and helping the entire party to "not forget its original intention and continue to move forward".

Similarly, the Regulations focus on the prominent issues in current intra party supervision, clarifying the supervisory subject and improving the supervisory system, while emphasizing that there are no prohibited areas or exceptions in intra party supervision, and that "trust cannot replace supervision" to prevent the problem of "darkness under the light". The absence of internal supervision within the Party will inevitably lead to a weakening of the Party's leadership, a lack of Party building, and inadequate comprehensive and strict governance of the Party. Strengthening intra party supervision is an important guarantee for promoting comprehensive and strict governance of the party.

A good system can prevent bad people from running rampant, while a bad system can prevent good people from doing good deeds fully, and even lead to the opposite. The establishment of rules and regulations in the "Guidelines" and "Regulations" is a vivid manifestation of adhering to the rule of the Party and promoting the institutionalization of Party building, which is of milestone significance in the new Long March of Party governance.

New focus:

Focus on 'Key Minorities'

A distinctive feature of the new "Guidelines" and "Regulations" is that they both highlight the key point of senior cadres, which is a "key minority" and puts forward higher standards and stricter requirements for senior cadres.

The "Guidelines" emphasize: "In the new situation, strengthening and standardizing the political life within the Party, the focus is on leading organs and cadres at all levels, and the key is senior cadres, especially the members of the Central Committee, the Central Political Bureau, and the Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau; The Regulations also establish a separate chapter on "Supervision of the Central Organization of the Party", emphasizing that "the key objects of intra party supervision are the Party's leading organs and cadres, especially the main leading cadres

In China's political system, the top-down transmission effect is very obvious. Senior cadres have a special status and significant influence. The governance style, governance methods, and ways of engaging in politics of senior cadres will deeply affect the party members and cadres under their rule.

Who dares not to be upright when a handsome son is upright? Senior cadres take the lead in demanding themselves strictly, being honest and self-disciplined, and taking on responsibilities will serve as a good example and benchmark. On the contrary, if one is not upright, how can one be upright? The disciplinary and illegal cases investigated since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China prove that the problems encountered by some leading cadres often become the main cause of the spread of various problems in their local and departmental areas. Even in some places and departments where senior cadres have been demoted, there have been instances of corrupt practices and systemic corruption.

This indicates that the status of senior cadres is extremely special and plays a crucial role in the political ecology of a region or department. Senior cadres can play a crucial role in promoting a good political ecosystem and may also have a fatal destructive effect. The political ecology is polluted, and the political environment is harsh; The political ecology is clear, and the political environment is excellent. Therefore, it is necessary to firmly grasp senior cadres, adhere to the above leadership, demonstrate by example, and create a clean and upright political ecology.

Among senior cadres, the members of the Central Committee, the Central Political Bureau, and the Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau bear the primary responsibility. To understand the extreme importance of building the Central Committee, the Central Politburo, and the Standing Committee of the Central Politburo from the strategic perspective of long-term stability of the Party and the country, as well as the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and to effectively improve the political life within the Party at this level, it is necessary to be self reliant to truly achieve the goal of forging iron. For leading cadres, especially senior cadres, a basic requirement for implementing the "Guidelines" and "Regulations" is to firmly uphold the authority of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core and ensure that all Party orders and prohibitions are enforced.

New strategy:

Entering a new realm of governance and governance

Managing the Party strictly in an all-round way is a major task entrusted to the contemporary CPC by history, and it is also a distinct theme for the CPC Central Committee to focus on Party building since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The "Four Comprehensives" strategic layout, including comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, is a new strategy for governing the country and governance determined by the Party Central Committee with Xi Jinping as the core. With the official implementation of the "Guidelines" and "Regulations" this time, a new page has been opened in the comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, and the governance of the country has entered a new journey.

The key to running China's affairs well lies in the Party and the comprehensive and strict governance of the Party. From the perspective of the strategic layout of the "Four Comprehensives", it is of great significance to carry out comprehensive and strict governance of the Party in all aspects. Without comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, the Party will not be able to achieve the goal of "forging iron and strengthening itself", and it will be difficult to play a good leadership core role. The strategic layout of the "four comprehensives" is likely to fall through. We should understand the comprehensive and strict governance of the Party in the strategic layout of the "Four Comprehensives" and in the overall logic of the new strategy of governing the country and governing politics.

In December 2014, Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection in Jiangsu that comprehensive and strict governance of the Party is an inevitable requirement for promoting the new great project of Party building. Adding the word "comprehensive" before "strict governance of the Party", this time through a central plenary session to study and deploy major issues of comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, formulate the "Guidelines", revise the "Regulations", and finally form the overall design of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, forming a new strategy for governing the country.

China's main problems still lie within the party. The biggest lesson of the collapse of the Soviet Party was its weak governance. Only by properly managing and governing this party can China's modernization be guaranteed with strong strength, and the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the Chinese Dream can be expected. On the contrary, if governing the party fails with leniency and looseness, the party will eventually lose its governing qualification, let alone the realization of the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation.

It can be said that comprehensive and strict governance of the Party is an important guarantee for coordinating the overall layout of the "Five in One" and the strategic layout of the "Four Comprehensives", and implementing the five major development concepts. A political party can only govern and govern a country well by becoming a highly institutionalized and organized modern political party. In other words, in China's governance system, the institutionalization and modernization of national governance need to be based on the institutionalization and modernization of governance by the ruling party.

Therefore, adhering to comprehensive and strict governance of the Party, adhering to the rule of law and institutional governance of the Party, while promoting the institutionalization and organizational level of the Party's governance system and governance capacity, will also promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, ultimately leading the governance of the country to a new journey and new realm.

 

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